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Effect of Openness to Trade and FDI on Industrial Sector Growth: A Case Study for Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Faiza Umer

    () (Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC) University of Karachi)

  • Shaista Alam

    () (Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC) University of Karachi)

Abstract

This present paper is analyzing the effect of trade openness and foreign direct investment (FDI) on industrial sector growth in Pakistan. This paper is examined that Pakistan’s industrial growth is affected by trade openness through a number of channels including monetary policy, fiscal policy, and Fdi. This study is employs Johansen and Juselius co-integration technique and Vector Error Correction Mechanism approach to estimate short run as well as long run relationship using annual time series data for the period 1960-2011. The study found that the relevant macro economic indicators Fdi and Real Gdp have positive and significant long run relationship with industrial sector growth while Trade openness and Inflation have negative long-run relationship with industrial sector growth also Real effective exchange rate have statistically insignificant results in long-run, on the other hand in short run lagged value of own industrial sector, Fdi, Reer, Real GDP have positive and significant impact on industrial sector growth. While inflation and trade openness shows insignificant relationship and Ec (-1) confirms long-run relationship among all independent variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Faiza Umer & Shaista Alam, 2013. "Effect of Openness to Trade and FDI on Industrial Sector Growth: A Case Study for Pakistan," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 16(48), pages 179-198, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rej:journl:v:16:y:2013:i:47:p:179-198
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dilip Dutta & Nasiruddin Ahmed, 2004. "Trade liberalization and industrial growth in Pakistan: a cointegration analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(13), pages 1421-1429.
    2. Grossman, G.M. & Helpman, E., 1989. "Growth And Welfare In A Small Open Economy," Papers 15-89, Tel Aviv.
    3. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 335-356, February.
    4. Sindzingre, Alice, 2005. "Explaining Threshold Effects of Globalization on Poverty: An Institutional Perspective," WIDER Working Paper Series 053, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, Paul, 1986. "Forecasting Economic Time Series," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780122951831 edited by Shell, Karl.
    6. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-438, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Industrial Sector Growth; Johansen-Juselius Cointegration Test; Vector Error Correction Mechanism.;

    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • C20 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - General

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