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Impact of Exports and Imports on Economic Growth in Canada: Empirical Analysis Based on Causality

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  • Bakari, Sayef

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between exports, imports, and economic growth in Canada. In order to achieve this purpose, annual data for the periods between 1990 and 2015 was tested by using Johansen co-integration analysis of Vector Auto Regression Model and the Granger-Causality tests. According to the result of the analysis, it was determined that there is no relationship between exports, imports and economic growth in Canada. On the other hand, we found that there is a strong evidence of bidirectional causality from imports to economic growth and from exports to economic growth. These results provide evidence that exports and imports, thus, are seen as the source of economic growth in Canada.

Suggested Citation

  • Bakari, Sayef, 2016. "Impact of Exports and Imports on Economic Growth in Canada: Empirical Analysis Based on Causality," MPRA Paper 75910, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:75910
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/75910/1/MPRA_paper_75910.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dawood Mamoon & S. Mansoob Murshed, 2006. "Trade Policy, Openness, Institutions," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 45(1), pages 99-119.
    2. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-1072, June.
    3. Balassa, Bela, 1978. "Exports and economic growth : Further evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 181-189, June.
    4. Hiranya Nath & Khawaja Mamun, 2007. "Trade, growth and wage inequality in Bangladesh," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 505-528.
    5. bouoiyour, jamal, 2003. "Trade and GDP Growth in Morocco: Short-run or Long-run Causality?," MPRA Paper 28859, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Talan Iscan, 1998. "Trade liberalisation and productivity: A panel study of the Mexican manufacturing industry," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(5), pages 123-148.
    7. Mayasa Mkubwa Hamad & Burhan Ahmad Mtengwa & Stabua Abdul Babiker, 2014. "The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Economic Growth in Tanzania," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(5), pages 514-532, May.
    8. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
    9. Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr. & Kababie, Kababie & Boehmer, Charles R., 2012. "International trade and economic growth in Mexico," MPRA Paper 42991, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sayef Bakari, 2017. "The Three-Way Linkages Between Export, Import And Economic Growth: New Evidence From Tunisia," Journal of Smart Economic Growth, , vol. 2(3), pages 13-53, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Export; Import; Economic Growth; Canada; Cointegration; VAR and Causality.;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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