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Human capital, trade and long-run productivity. Testing the technological absorption hypothesis for the Portuguese economy, 1960-2001

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  • Aurora A.C. Teixeira

    (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

  • Natércia Fortuna

    (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia do Porto, Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

An important characteristic of the role of foreign trade in the technological catch-up of countries is the complementary nature of technological change and human capital formation. In this context, the level of education is likely to have a crucial impact on total factor productivity because it determines the capacity of an economy to carry out technological innovation, and to adopt and to implement efficiently technology from abroad. However, the role of human capital as a pre requisite for technology absorption although theoretically acknowledged has been empirically neglected. One of the main problems with empirical studies in this domain is that they do not clearly test the mechanisms through which trade, namely the import of capital goods, affects total factor productivity or, roughly the level of technological development of a given country. Through cointegration techniques, we demonstrate the relevance of the technological absorption hypothesis. We show that the interaction between human capital and (lagged) machinery imports – that is, the technological absorption capability - is the most critical determinant of Portuguese long-run total factor productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Aurora A.C. Teixeira & Natércia Fortuna, 2006. "Human capital, trade and long-run productivity. Testing the technological absorption hypothesis for the Portuguese economy, 1960-2001," FEP Working Papers 226, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:226
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    2. Vergil , Hasan & Sinay, Mehmet, 2013. "An Investigation of the Relationship between Foreign Trade and Economic Growth in terms of Knowledge Transfer: The Case of Turkey," Business and Economics Research Journal, Uludag University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 4(1), pages 1-59, January.
    3. Nadia Belhaj Hassine, 2008. "Technology Diffusion, International Spillovers and Human Capital in the Mediterranean Agricultural Sector," Working Papers 405, Economic Research Forum, revised 06 Jan 2008.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Human capital – Innovation – Trade – Economic growth – Cointegration;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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