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Économétrie des modèles à changement de régimes : un essai de synthèse

  • Uctum, Remzi

    (EconomiX, UMR 7166 CNRS, Université de Paris Ouest – Nanterre La Défense)

This paper aims to survey the literature on modeling and estimating the structural change in economy. The alternative approaches are presented following the decreasing order of information available to the investigator about the cause of the regime change. One class of models specifies the rule governing the regime selection whether the latter is deterministic as in threshold autoregressive regression models and smooth transition autoregressive models or stochastic as in endogenous change models. Another class includes models where the unobservable selection rule is replaced by a set of unknown constant probabilities associated with the regimes: these probabilities are unconditional on past information in the case of mixture normal distributions models and conditional on past regime in Markov-switching models. The comparative presentation is completed by an overview of the empirical studies. Ce travail a pour objectif de dresser un bilan de la littérature sur la modélisation et l’estimation du changement structurel en économie. La présentation des approches suit l’ordre décroissant d’information à la disposition du modélisateur quant à la cause du changement de régimes. Une première catégorie de modèles suppose connue la règle qui gouverne la sélection du régime à chaque instant, cette règle pouvant être déterministe comme dans les modèles à seuils (TAR, STAR) ou stochastique comme dans les modèles à changements endogènes. Dans une classe alternative de modèles, la règle de sélection non observable est remplacée par des probabilités constantes inconnues associées aux régimes, lesquelles sont non conditionnelles à l’information passée dans le cas des modèles à mélange de distributions et conditionnelles au régime précédent dans les modèles à changements markoviens. La discussion comparative des différentes approches est complétée par un survol des études empiriques.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 83 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
Pages: 447-482

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:83:y:2007:i:4:p:447-482
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