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Mobile Phone and Households¡¯ Poverty: Evidence from Niger


  • Mahamadou Roufahi Tankari

    (International Food Policy Research Institute)


This study attempts to highlight, in the development context, the impact of mobile telephony on households¡¯ poverty in terms of welfare indicator improvement derived from the total household expenditure. By using the data from the National Survey of Household Living Conditions and Agriculture of 2011 (ECVMA-2011) in Niger, econometric regressions were performed by assuming on the one hand the exogeneity of the variable of interest and taking into account its endogeneity following the approach of the instrumental variable, on the other hand. In both cases, the impact of mobile telephony on household welfare is positive and significant but with different magnitude. Furthermore, by considering the welfare indicator derived from household food expenditure, we find that the mobile phone ownership has significant impact in reducing food poverty confirming, thus, the robustness of the findings. Therefore, the use of mobile phony can constitute a powerful mean of poverty reduction in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahamadou Roufahi Tankari, 2018. "Mobile Phone and Households¡¯ Poverty: Evidence from Niger," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 43(2), pages 67-84, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:43:y:2018:i:2:p:67-84

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jenny C. Aker & Marcel Fafchamps, 2015. "Mobile Phone Coverage and Producer Markets: Evidence from West Africa," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank, vol. 29(2), pages 262-292.
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    3. Souter David & Scott Nigel & Garforth Christopher & Jain, Rekha & Mascarenhas Ophelia, 2005. "The Economic Impact of Telecommunications on Rural Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction: A Study of rural Communities in India (Gujarat), Mozambique and Tanzania," IIMA Working Papers WP2005-11-04, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    4. Ggombe Kasim Munyegera & Tomoya Matsumoto, 2014. "Mobile Money, Remittances and Rural Household Welfare: Panel Evidence from Uganda," GRIPS Discussion Papers 14-22, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
    5. Kurosaki, Takashi, 2015. "Vulnerability of household consumption to floods and droughts in developing countries: evidence from Pakistan," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(2), pages 209-235, April.
    6. Torero, Maximo & von Braun, Joachim (ed.), 2006. "Information and communication technologies for development and poverty reduction: The potential of telecommunications," IFPRI books, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), number 0-8018-8041-6, June.
    7. Jenny C. Aker & Marcel Fafchamps, 2015. "Mobile Phone Coverage and Producer Markets: Evidence from West Africa," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 29(2), pages 262-292.
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    Cited by:

    1. Melain Modeste Senou & Denis Acclassato Houensou, 2024. "From expanding financial services to tackling poverty in West African Economic and Monetary Union: The accelerating role of mobile money," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(3), pages 1707-1737, April.

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    More about this item


    Mobile Phone; Household Poverty; Niger;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being


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