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Are global spillovers complementary or competitive? Need for international policy coordination

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  • Bhattarai, Keshab
  • Mallick, Sushanta K.
  • Yang, Bo

Abstract

Advanced and emerging economies are becoming more interdependent with rapid pace of globalization of capital markets and technological innovations in recent years. We examine whether technology and monetary policy shocks get transmitted between advanced and emerging market economies and to what extent they generate complementary or competitive effects. Given the globally integrated nature of capital markets, we uncover a transmission mechanism by which technology and policy shocks in advanced and emerging countries spill over between them through the capital flow channel. We mainly investigate whether analysis from a SVAR model by econometricians provides empirically similar conclusions to those from a macroeconomic theory-based DSGE model in measuring the impact of demand-side policy and technology shocks. We fit our VAR models to the same time series data used to calibrate and estimate the DSGE model. We conclude that monetary and fiscal policy shocks are competitive between the US (advanced economy) and India (emerging market), while domestic and global technology shocks or the exchange rate shocks have complementary effects. Intuitively, technology enhances productivity in both countries, while policy shocks tend to drive capital to a country with higher rate of return. Thus policy shocks in advanced countries could have unintended effects in terms of capital inflows to emerging economies and hence greater coordination of policies can help limit adverse cross-border spillovers.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhattarai, Keshab & Mallick, Sushanta K. & Yang, Bo, 2021. "Are global spillovers complementary or competitive? Need for international policy coordination," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 110(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:110:y:2021:i:c:s0261560620302473
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2020.102291
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Structural VAR; DSGE Model; Spillovers; Economic Growth; Policy Coordination; India; US;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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