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A General Equilibrium Open Economy Model for Emerging Markets - Monetary Policy with a Dualistic Labor Market

  • Ashima Goyal

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

An optimizing model of a small open emerging market economy (SOEME) with dualistic labour markets and two types of consumers, delivers a tractable model for monetary policy. Differences between the SOEME and the SOE are derived. Parameters depend on features of the labour market and on consumption inequality, and affect the natural interest rate, terms of trade and potential output. The supply curve turns out to be flatter and more volatile, with a larger number of shift factors. A simple basic version of the model is simulated in order to compare different policy targets in response to a cost shock. Flexible domestic inflation targeting delivers stability and the lowest volatility. Some weight on output and on interest smoothing allows monetary policy to be less contractionary. Exchange rate flexibility is less but still makes a major contribution to controlling inflation.

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File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/22377
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Paper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Macroeconomics Working Papers with number 22377.

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Date of creation: Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:eab:macroe:22377
Contact details of provider: Postal: JG Crawford Building #13, Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government, Australian National University, ACT 0200
Web page: http://www.eaber.org

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  1. Arminio Fraga & Ilan Goldfajn & André Minella, 2003. "Inflation Targeting in Emerging Market Economies," Working Papers Series 76, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  2. Reinhart, Carmen & Ogaki, Masao & Ostry, Jonathan, 1996. "Saving Behavior in Low- and Middle-Income Developing Countries: A Comparison," MPRA Paper 6978, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 2001. "Optimal Monetary Policy in Closed versus Open Economies: An Integrated Approach," NBER Working Papers 8604, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Goyal, Ashima, 2010. "Sustainable debt and deficits in emerging markets," MPRA Paper 40100, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Svensson, Lars E.O., 1998. "Open-Economy Inflation Targeting," Seminar Papers 638, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  6. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
  7. Ashima Goyal, 2005. "Incentives from exchange rate regimes in an institutional context," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2005-002, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
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