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Sustainable debt and deficits in Emerging Markets

  • Ashima Goyal

Rising deficits and high debt ratios characterised currency crises in countries with low private savings rates and low population densities. But in emerging markets with large population transferring to more productive employment, sustainable debts and deficits may be higher. Debt ratios fall with growth rates. Higher private savings can compensate for government dissaving. An optimising model of such an economy with dualistic labour markets and two types of consumers demonstrates these features but also shows debt ratios tend to rise in high growth phases. Policy conclusions for fiscal consolidation and coordination with monetary policy are derived in the Indian context.

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Article provided by Inderscience Enterprises Ltd in its journal Int. J. of Trade and Global Markets.

Volume (Year): 4 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 113-136

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Handle: RePEc:ids:ijtrgm:v:4:y:2011:i:2:p:113-136
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  1. Ashima Goyal, 2008. "The Structure of inflation, information and labour markets: Implications for monetary policy," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2008-010, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  2. Jordi Galí & J. David López-Salido, 2015. "Understanding the Effects of Government Spending on Consumption," Working Papers 73, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  3. Mark Gertler & Jordi Gali & Richard Clarida, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1661-1707, December.
  4. Reinhart, Carmen & Ogaki, Masao & Ostry, Jonathan, 1996. "Saving Behavior in Low- and Middle-Income Developing Countries: A Comparison," MPRA Paper 6978, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Troy Davig & Eric M. Leeper, 2009. "Monetary-fiscal policy interactions and fiscal stimulus," Research Working Paper RWP 09-12, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
  6. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 2001. "Optimal Monetary Policy in Closed versus Open Economies: An Integrated Approach," NBER Working Papers 8604, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Ashima Goyal, 2008. "The Natural Interest Rate in Emerging Markets," Working Papers id:1675, eSocialSciences.
  8. Giancarlo Marini & Alessandro Piergallini & Barbara Annicchiarico, 2004. "Monetary Policy and Fiscal Rules," CEIS Research Paper 50, Tor Vergata University, CEIS.
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