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Effects of US Quantitative Easing on Emerging Market Economies

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  • Bhattarai, Saroj

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Chatterjee, Arpita

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Park, Woong Yong

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

We estimate international spillover effects of the United States (US)’ Quantitative Easing (QE) on emerging market economies (EMEs). Using a Bayesian VAR on monthly US macroeconomic and financial data, we first identify the US QE shock. The identified US QE shock is then used in a monthly Bayesian panel VAR for EMEs to infer spillover effects on these countries. We find that an expansionary US QE shock has significant effects on financial variables in EMEs. It leads to an exchange rate appreciation, a reduction in long-term bond yields, a stock market boom, and an increase in capital inflows to these countries. These effects on financial variables are stronger for the “Fragile Five" countries compared to other EMEs.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhattarai, Saroj & Chatterjee, Arpita & Park, Woong Yong, 2018. "Effects of US Quantitative Easing on Emerging Market Economies," ADBI Working Papers 803, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0803
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    Cited by:

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    2. Eijffinger, Sylvester C W & Malagon, Jonathan, 2018. "Financial spillovers of international monetary policy: Six hypotheses on the Latin American case, 2010-2016," CEPR Discussion Papers 12678, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Kenneth N. Kuttner, 2018. "Outside the Box: Unconventional Monetary Policy in the Great Recession and Beyond," Department of Economics Working Papers 2018-04, Department of Economics, Williams College.
    4. John D. Burger & Francis E. Warnock & Veronica C. Warnock, 2018. "The Effects of U.S. Monetary Policy on Emerging Market Economies’ Sovereign and Corporate Bond Markets," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Enrique G. Mendoza & Ernesto Pastén & Diego Saravia (ed.),Monetary Policy and Global Spillovers: Mechanisms, Effects and Policy Measures, edition 1, volume 25, chapter 3, pages 049-095, Central Bank of Chile.
    5. Luca Dedola & Georgios Georgiadis & Johannes Gräb & Arnaud Mehl, 2018. "Does a Big Bazooka Matter? Central Bank Balance-Sheet Policies and Exchange Rates," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2018_024, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    6. Yves, Togba Boboy & Yoon, Seong-Min, 2018. "Swing in the Fed’s balance sheet policy and spillover effects on emerging Asian countries," MPRA Paper 87141, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bhattarai, Saroj & Chatterjee, Arpita & Park, Woong Yong, 2020. "Global spillover effects of US uncertainty," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 71-89.
    8. Kristina Bluwstein & Fabio Canova, 2016. "Beggar-Thy-Neighbor? The International Effects of ECB Unconventional Monetary Policy Measures," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 12(3), pages 69-120, September.
    9. Saroj Bhattarai & Christopher J. Neely, 2016. "An Analysis of the Literature on International Unconventional Monetary Policy," Working Papers 2016-021, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 04 May 2020.
    10. Schmidt, Julia & Caccavaio, Marianna & Carpinelli, Luisa & Marinelli, Giuseppe, 2018. "International spillovers of monetary policy: Evidence from France and Italy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 50-66.
    11. Aliaga Miranda, Augusto, 2020. "Monetary policy rules for an open economy with financial frictions: A Bayesian approach," Dynare Working Papers 62, CEPREMAP.
    12. Siklos, Pierre L., 2018. "Boom-and-bust cycles in emerging markets: How important is the exchange rate?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 172-187.
    13. Dedola, Luca & Georgiadis, Georgios & Gräb, Johannes & Mehl, Arnaud, 2021. "Does a big bazooka matter? Quantitative easing policies and exchange rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 489-506.
    14. Lakdawala, Aeimit, 2018. "The growing impact of US monetary policy on emerging financial markets: Evidence from India," Working Papers 2018-9, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
    15. Naape, Baneng, 2019. "An Analysis of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis: Was Quantitative Easing Appropriate?," MPRA Paper 97816, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Bhattarai, Keshab & Mallick, Sushanta K. & Yang, Bo, 2021. "Are global spillovers complementary or competitive? Need for international policy coordination," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 110(C).
    17. Naape, Baneng, 2020. "An Analysis of the 2008 Subprime Mortgage Crisis: Causes, Effects and Policy Response," MPRA Paper 100019, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Cagliesi, Gabriella & Guidi, Francesco, 2021. "A three-tiered nested analytical approach to financial integration: The case of emerging and frontier equity markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).
    19. Eiji Goto, 2020. "Industry Impacts of Unconventional Monetary Policy," 2020 Papers pgo873, Job Market Papers.
    20. Sameer Khatiwada, 2017. "Quantitative Easing by the Fed and International Capital Flows," IHEID Working Papers 02-2017, Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    US quantitative easing; spillovers; emerging market economies; bayesian var; panel var; fragile five countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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