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Financial Crisis, Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers

Author

Listed:
  • Qianying Chen

    (International Monetary Fund)

  • Andrew Filardo

    (Bank for International Settlements)

  • Dong He

    (Hong Kong Monetary Authority and Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)

  • Feng Zhu

    (Bank for International Settlements)

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of unconventional monetary policies in the major advanced economies. We first examine the cross-border financial market impact of central bank announcements of asset purchase programmes based on event studies. We find marked effects, as expansionary balance sheet policies influence the prices of a broad range of emerging market assets, raising equity prices, lowering government and corporate bond yields and compressing CDS spreads. We then study the economic impact of US quantitative easing on both emerging and advanced economies, based on an estimated global vector error-correcting macroeconomic (VECM) model, which takes into account trade and financial linkages. We focus on the effects of reductions in US term and corporate spreads, and in US market volatility. The estimated effects are sizeable and differ across economies. First, US QE measures which help to lower market volatility and reduce corporate spreads appear to have had far greater impact than lowering term spreads, as Blinder (2012) suggested. Second, such measures have prevented a prolonged recession and severe deflation in the advanced economies. Third, the impact on emerging economies has varied but is generally stronger than in the US and other advanced economies. US QE measures contributed to overheating in Brazil, China and other emerging economies in 2010 and 2011, but supported recovery in 2009 and 2012. The sign and size of QE effects differ across economies, implying that their costs and benefits are unevenly distributed.

Suggested Citation

  • Qianying Chen & Andrew Filardo & Dong He & Feng Zhu, 2014. "Financial Crisis, Unconventional Monetary Policy and International Spillovers," Working Papers 232014, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:232014
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    Cited by:

    1. Gustavo Adler & Carolina Osorio Buitron, 2017. "Tipping the Scale? The Workings of Monetary Policy through Trade," IMF Working Papers 17/142, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Gustavo Adler & Carolina Osorio Buitron, 2017. "Policy Mix and the US Trade Balance," IMF Working Papers 17/204, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Paul De Grauwe & Zhaoyong Zhang & Rod Tyers, 2016. "Slower Growth and Vulnerability to Recession: Updating China's Global Impact," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 63(1), pages 66-88, February.
    4. Chen, Qianying & Filardo, Andrew & He, Dong & Zhu, Feng, 2016. "Financial crisis, US unconventional monetary policy and international spillovers," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 62-81.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Announcement Effects; Emerging Economies; Financial Markets; Global VECM; International Spillovers; Quantitative Easing; Unconventional Monetary Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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