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The Effects of Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy on Exchange Rates

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  • Atsushi Inoue
  • Barbara Rossi

Abstract

What are the effects of monetary policy on exchange rates? And have unconventional monetary policies changed the way monetary policy is transmitted to international financial markets? According to conventional wisdom, expansionary monetary policy shocks in a country lead to that country's currency depreciation. We revisit the conventional wisdom during both conventional and unconventional monetary policy periods in the US by using a novel identification procedure that defines monetary policy shocks as changes in the whole yield curve due to unanticipated monetary policy moves and allows monetary policy shocks to differ depending on how they affect agents' expectations about the future path of interest rates as well as their perceived effects on the riskiness/uncertainty in the economy. Our empirical results show that: (i) a monetary policy easing leads to a depreciation of the country's spot nominal exchange rate in both conventional and unconventional periods; (ii) however, there is substantial heterogeneity in monetary policy shocks over time and their effects depend on the way they affect agents' expectations; (iii) we find favorable evidence to Dornbusch's (1976) overshooting hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Atsushi Inoue & Barbara Rossi, 2018. "The Effects of Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy on Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 25021, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25021
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    1. Uhlig, Harald, 2005. "What are the effects of monetary policy on output? Results from an agnostic identification procedure," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 381-419, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rasmus Fatum & Naoko Hara & Yohei Yamamoto, 2019. "Negative Interest Rate Policy and the Influence of Macroeconomic News on Yields," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2019_006, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    2. Martin Feldkircher & Florian Huber, 2018. "Unconventional U.S. Monetary Policy: New Tools, Same Channels?," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-31, October.
    3. Chunya Bu & John Rogers & Wenbin Wu, 2019. "A Unified Measure of Fed Monetary Policy Shocks," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-043, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).
    4. Lewis, Daniel J., 2019. "Announcement-Specific Decompositions of Unconventional Monetary Policy Shocks and Their Macroeconomic Effects," Staff Reports 891, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F37 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Finance Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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