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Global Liquidity, House Prices, and the Macroeconomy; Evidence from Advanced and Emerging Economies

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  • Ambrogio Cesa-Bianchi
  • Luis Felipe Cespedes
  • Alessandro Rebucci

Abstract

In this paper we first compare house price cycles in advanced and emerging economies using a new quarterly house price data set covering the period 1990-2012. We find that house prices in emerging economies grow faster, are more volatile, less persistent and less synchronized across countries than in advanced economies. We also find that they correlate with capital flows more closely than in advanced economies. We then condition the analysis on an exogenous change to a particular component of capital flows. We find that a global liquidity shock, identified by aggregating bank-to-bank cross border flows and by using the external instrumental variable approach of Stock and Watson (2012) and Mertens and Ravn (2013), has a much stronger impact on house prices and consumption in emerging markets than in advanced economies. In our empirical model, holding house prices or the exchange rate constant in response to this shock tends to dampen its effects on consumption in emerging economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ambrogio Cesa-Bianchi & Luis Felipe Cespedes & Alessandro Rebucci, 2015. "Global Liquidity, House Prices, and the Macroeconomy; Evidence from Advanced and Emerging Economies," IMF Working Papers 15/23, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:15/23
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    Cited by:

    1. Saroj Bhattarai & Arpita Chatterjee & Woong Yong Park, 2015. "Effects of US quantitative easing on emerging market economies," CAMA Working Papers 2015-47, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    2. Rana Sajedi & Gregory Thwaites, 2016. "Why Are Real Interest Rates So Low? The Role of the Relative Price of Investment Goods," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 64(4), pages 635-659, November.
    3. repec:bis:bisbps:95 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Charles Ka Yui LEUNG & Joe Cho Yiu NG, 2018. "Macro Aspects of Housing," ISER Discussion Paper 1030, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    5. Kok, Christoffer & Gross, Marco & Żochowski, Dawid, 2016. "The impact of bank capital on economic activity - evidence from a mixed-cross-section GVAR model," Working Paper Series 1888, European Central Bank.
    6. Cesa-Bianchi, Ambrogio & Ferrero, Andrea & Rebucci, Alessandro, 2018. "International credit supply shocks," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 219-237.
    7. repec:kap:atlecj:v:45:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11293-017-9531-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Christophe André & Nikolaos Antonakakis & Rangan Gupta & Mulatu F. Zerihun, 2017. "Asymmetric Behaviour in Nominal and Real Housing Prices: Evidence from Advanced and Emerging Economies," Working Papers 201711, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    9. Laura E. Jackson & M. Ayhan Kose & Christopher Otrok & Michael T. Owyang, 2016. "Specification and Estimation of Bayesian Dynamic Factor Models: A Monte Carlo Analysis with an Application to Global House Price Comovement," Advances in Econometrics,in: Dynamic Factor Models, volume 35, pages 361-400 Emerald Publishing Ltd.
    10. Stijn Claessens & M Ayhan Kose, 2017. "Asset prices and macroeconomic outcomes: a survey," BIS Working Papers 676, Bank for International Settlements.
    11. Juan Guillermo Bedoya Ospina, 2017. "Ciclos de crédito, liquidez global y regímenes monetarios: una aproximación para América Latina," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, vol. 78, February.
    12. Hachula, Michael & Nautz, Dieter, 2018. "The dynamic impact of macroeconomic news on long-term inflation expectations," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 39-43.
    13. repec:eee:jimfin:v:74:y:2017:i:c:p:88-114 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Nady Rapelanoro, 2016. "Spillover effects of global liquiditys expansion on emerging countries: evidences from a Panel VAR approach," EconomiX Working Papers 2016-17, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    15. Christou, Christina & Gupta, Rangan & Hassapis, Christis, 2017. "Does economic policy uncertainty forecast real housing returns in a panel of OECD countries? A Bayesian approach," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 50-60.
    16. Thomas Goda & Chris Stewart & Alejandro Torres García, 2016. "Absolute Income Inequality and Rising House Prices," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 015247, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    17. Gabriel Cuadra & Victoria Nuguer, 2018. "Risky Banks and Macro-Prudential Policy for Emerging Economies," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 30, pages 125-144, October.
    18. Chow Sheung-Chi & Cunado Juncal & Gupta Rangan & Wong Wing-Keung, 2018. "Causal relationships between economic policy uncertainty and housing market returns in China and India: evidence from linear and nonlinear panel and time series models," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 22(2), pages 1-15, April.
    19. Signe Rosenberg, 2018. "The Effects of Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy on House Prices in the Scandinavian Countries," TUT Economic Research Series 44, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
    20. Agnello, Luca & Castro, Vitor & Hammoudeh, Shawkat & Sousa, Ricardo M., 2017. "Spillovers from the oil sector to the housing market cycle," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 209-220.
    21. Nikolaos Antonakakis & Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta & Clement Kyei, 2016. "Components of Economic Policy Uncertainty and Predictability of US Stock Returns and Volatility: Evidence from a Nonparametric Causality-in-Quantile Approach," Working Papers 201639, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    22. Rangan Gupta & Xiaojin Sun, 2016. "Housing Market Spillovers in South Africa: Evidence from an Estimated Small Open Economy DSGE Model," Working Papers 201641, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    23. Epstein, Brendan & Finkelstein Shapiro, Alan & Gonzalez Gomez, Andres, 2018. "Firm Dynamism and Housing Price Volatility," MPRA Paper 88694, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Gabriel Cuadra & Victoria Nuguer, 2018. "Risky Banks and Macro-Prudential Policy for Emerging Economies," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 30, pages 125-144, October.
    25. Paul Corrigan, 2017. "Terms-of-Trade and House Price Fluctuations: A Cross-Country Study," Staff Working Papers 17-1, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emerging markets; Developed countries; Capital flows; Business cycles; Global liquidity; Housing prices; International liquidity; C32; E44; F44; economies; liquidity; advanced economies; exchange rate; Time-Series Models; Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy; International Business Cycles; house prices; external instrumental variables;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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