Trade integration and the skill premium: Evidence from a transition economy
Relatively little attention has been given to documenting the evolution of the skill premium (defined as the ratio of the wages of skilled to unskilled workers) in the economies of Central and Eastern Europe, most likely due to the lack of readily available data. In this article, we first uncover the patterns of the skill premium for a subset of transition economies, and then we turn our focus to the case of Slovenia, where we highlight the negative correlation between the skill premium and international trade after 2000, when Slovenia’s trade with its largest partner, the European Union (EU), increased and intensified. To conduct our analysis, we develop an applied general equilibrium model, and combining a Social Accounting Matrix, Household Budget Surveys, and the EU KLEMS Growth and Productivity Accounts database, we calibrate it to match the Slovenian data. We next perform a numerical experiment that consists of Slovenia joining the EU and quantify the impact of this trade integration process on the skill premium. We also conduct additional sensitivity experiments to quantify how our model’s predictions vary with some of the model’s parameters, including the role of sectoral productivity growth. We find that trade liberalization leads to a fall in the skill premium of roughly up to 4.5%. This implies that our model is able to account for approximately 46% of the actual decrease in the skill premium observed in Slovenia for our period of analysis.
If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- David de la Croix & Frédéric Docquier, 2007.
"School Attendance and Skill Premiums in France and the US: A General Equilibrium Approach,"
Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 28(4), pages 383-416, December.
- DE LA CROIX, David & DOCQUIER, FrÃ©dÃ©ric, . "School attendance and skill premiums in France and the US: a general equilibrium approach," CORE Discussion Papers RP 1998, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
- de la Croix, David & Docquier, Frédéric, 2003. "Diverging Patterns of Education Premium and School Attendance in France and the US: A Walrasian View," IZA Discussion Papers 846, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Kei-Mu Yi, 2003.
"Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade?,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(1), pages 52-102, February.
- Kei-Mu Yi, 2000. "Can vertical specialization explain the growth of world trade?," Staff Reports 96, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
- Timothy Kehoe & Antonio Manresa & Clemente Polo & Ferrán Sancho, 1989. "Un análisis de equilibrio general de la reforma fiscal de 1986 en España," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 13(3), pages 337-385, September.
- Atolia, Manoj & Yoshinori, Kurokawa, 2008.
"Variety Trade and Skill Premium in a Calibrated General Equilibrium Model: The Case of Mexico,"
13698, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Manoj Atolia & Yoshinori Kurokawa, 2009. "Import Variety and Skill Premium in a Calibrated General Equilibrium Model: The Case of Mexico," Tsukuba Economics Working Papers 2009-006, Economics, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba.
- Manoj Atolia & Yoshinori Kurokawa, 2008. "Variety Trade and Skill Premium in a Calibrated General Equilibrium Model: The Case of Mexico," Working Papers wp2008_11_03, Department of Economics, Florida State University.
- Jose P. Damijan & Boris Majcen, 2003. "Trade Policy in a Small Advanced Transition Economy: Trade Policy Review of Slovenia, 2002," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(9), pages 1369-1394, 09.
- Bernard, Andrew B. & Jensen, J. Bradford, 1997.
"Exporters, skill upgrading, and the wage gap,"
Journal of International Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 3-31, February.
- Bernard, A.B. & Jensen, J.B., 1994. "Exporters, Skill Upgrading, and the Wage Gap," Working papers 94-30, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
- Bradford J Jensen & Andrew B Bernard, 1994. "Exporters, Skill Upgrading And The Wage Gap," Working Papers 94-13, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Sang‐Wook (Stanley) Cho & Julian P. Diaz, 2011.
"The Welfare Impact Of Trade Liberalization,"
Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(2), pages 379-397, 04.
- Mauro Caselli, 2014.
"Trade, skill-biased technical change and wages in Mexican manufacturing,"
Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 336-348, January.
- Mauro Caselli, 2010. "Trade, skill-biased technical change and wages in Mexican manufacturing," CSAE Working Paper Series 2010-28, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
- Mauro Caselli, 2010. "Trade, skill-biased technical change and wages in Mexican manufacturing," Economics Series Working Papers CSAE WPS/2010-28, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
- Dinopoulos, Elias & Syropoulos, Constantinos & Xu, Bin & Yotov, Yoto V., 2011. "Intraindustry trade and the skill premium: Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 15-25, May.
- Per Krusell & Lee E. Ohanian & JosÈ-Victor RÌos-Rull & Giovanni L. Violante, 2000.
"Capital-Skill Complementarity and Inequality: A Macroeconomic Analysis,"
Econometric Society, vol. 68(5), pages 1029-1054, September.
- Per Krusell & Lee E. Ohanian & Jose-Victor Rios-Rull & Giovanni L. Violante, 1997. "Capital-skill complementarity and inequality: a macroeconomic analysis," Staff Report 239, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
- L. Alan Winters & Neil McCulloch & Andrew McKay, 2004. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(1), pages 72-115, March.
- Cristiano PERUGINI & Fabrizio POMPEI, 2009. "Technological change and income distribution in Europe," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 148(1-2), pages 123-148, 06.
- Tine Stanovnik & Miroslav Verbic, 2005.
"Wage and Income Inequality in Slovenia, 1993-2002,"
- Ripoll, Marla, 2005. "Trade liberalization and the skill premium in developing economies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 601-619, April.
- Gene M. Grossman & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2006.
"Trading Tasks: A Simple Theory of Offshoring,"
NBER Working Papers
12721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Shoven, John B & Whalley, John, 1984. "Applied General-Equilibrium Models of Taxation and International Trade: An Introduction and Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 1007-51, September.
- Timothy J. Kehoe, 1996. "Social accounting matrices and applied general equilibrium models," Working Papers 563, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:41:y:2013:i:2:p:601-620. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.