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Forecasting volatility and co-volatility of crude oil and gold futures: Effects of leverage, jumps, spillovers, and geopolitical risks

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  • Asai, Manabu
  • Gupta, Rangan
  • McAleer, Michael

Abstract

To forecast the covariance matrix for the returns of crude oil and gold futures, this paper examines the effects of leverage, jumps, spillovers, and geopolitical risks by using their respective realized covariance matrices. To guarantee the positive definiteness of the forecasts, we consider the full BEKK structure on the conditional Wishart model. By the specification, we can flexibly divide the direct and spillover effects of volatility feedback, negative returns, and jumps. The empirical analysis indicates the benefits of accommodating the spillover effects of negative returns, and the geopolitical risks indicator for modeling and forecasting the covariance matrix.

Suggested Citation

  • Asai, Manabu & Gupta, Rangan & McAleer, Michael, 2020. "Forecasting volatility and co-volatility of crude oil and gold futures: Effects of leverage, jumps, spillovers, and geopolitical risks," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 933-948.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:36:y:2020:i:3:p:933-948
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijforecast.2019.10.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Jacobus Nel & Christian Pierdzioch, 2020. "Effect of Rare Disaster Risks on Crude Oil: Evidence from El Nino from Over 140 Years of Data," Working Papers 2020104, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    2. Demirer, Riza & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian & Shahzad, Syed Jawad Hussain, 2020. "The predictive power of oil price shocks on realized volatility of oil: A note," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    3. Li, Yingli & Huang, Jianbai & Chen, Jinyu, 2021. "Dynamic spillovers of geopolitical risks and gold prices: New evidence from 18 emerging economies," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C).
    4. Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Christian Pierdzioch & Seong-Min Yoon, 2020. "OPEC News and Jumps in the Oil Market," Working Papers 202053, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    5. Jiawen Luo & Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Qiang Ji, 2021. "Forecasting Oil and Gold Volatilities with Sentiment Indicators Under Structural Breaks," Working Papers 202130, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    6. Salisu, Afees A. & Gupta, Rangan & Bouri, Elie & Ji, Qiang, 2020. "The role of global economic conditions in forecasting gold market volatility: Evidence from a GARCH-MIDAS approach," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    7. Gkillas, Konstantinos & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian & Yoon, Seong-Min, 2021. "OPEC news and jumps in the oil market," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(C).
    8. Afees A. Salisu & Christian Pierdzioch & Rangan Gupta, 2021. "Geopolitical Risk and Forecastability of Tail Risk in the Oil Market: Evidence from Over a Century of Monthly Data," Working Papers 202122, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    9. Qin, Yun & Hong, Kairong & Chen, Jinyu & Zhang, Zitao, 2020. "Asymmetric effects of geopolitical risks on energy returns and volatility under different market conditions," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Commodity markets; Co-volatility; Forecasting; Geopolitical risks; Jumps; Leverage effects; Spillover effects; Realized covariance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • Q02 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Commodity Market

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