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Forecasting realized gold volatility: Is there a role of geopolitical risks?

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  • Gkillas, Konstantinos
  • Gupta, Rangan
  • Pierdzioch, Christian

Abstract

We use a quantile-regression heterogeneous autoregressive realized volatility (QR-HAR-RV) model to study whether geopolitical risks have predictive value in sample and out-of-sample for realized gold-returns volatility estimated from intradaily data. We consider overall geopolitical risks along with a decomposition into actual risks (i.e., acts) and threats, and we control for overall the impact of economic policy uncertainty (EPU). We find that, after controlling for EPU, the components of geopolitical risks have predictive power for realized volatility mainly at a longer forecast horizon when we account for the potential asymmetry of the loss function a forecaster uses to evaluate forecasts.

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  • Gkillas, Konstantinos & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2020. "Forecasting realized gold volatility: Is there a role of geopolitical risks?," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 35(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finlet:v:35:y:2020:i:c:s154461231930529x
    DOI: 10.1016/j.frl.2019.08.028
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    Cited by:

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    7. Yang, Jianlei & Yang, Chunpeng, 2021. "The impact of mixed-frequency geopolitical risk on stock market returns," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 226-240.
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    9. Salisu, Afees A. & Cuñado, Juncal & Gupta, Rangan, 2022. "Geopolitical risks and historical exchange rate volatility of the BRICS," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 179-190.
    10. Afees A. Salisu & Rangan Gupta & Ahamuefula E. Ogbonna, 2022. "A moving average heterogeneous autoregressive model for forecasting the realized volatility of the US stock market: Evidence from over a century of data," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 384-400, January.
    11. Zhang, Hongwei & Demirer, Riza & Huang, Jianbai & Huang, Wanjun & Tahir Suleman, Muhammad, 2021. "Economic policy uncertainty and gold return dynamics: Evidence from high-frequency data," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    12. Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Ali Polat & Hasan Tekin & Ahmet Tunalı, 2022. "The Ascent of Geopolitics: Scientometric Analysis and Ramifications of Geopolitical Risk," Working Papers hal-03638273, HAL.
    13. Rangan Gupta & Sayar Karmakar & Christian Pierdzioch, 2022. "Safe Havens, Machine Learning, and the Sources of Geopolitical Risk: A Forecasting Analysis Using Over a Century of Data," Working Papers 202201, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    14. Bonato, Matteo & Çepni, Oğuzhan & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2021. "Do oil-price shocks predict the realized variance of U.S. REITs?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    15. Zhou, Mei-Jing & Huang, Jian-Bai & Chen, Jin-Yu, 2020. "The effects of geopolitical risks on the stock dynamics of China's rare metals: A TVP-VAR analysis," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    16. Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Christoforos Konstantatos & Dimitrios Vortelinos, 2021. "Exchange Rate Jumps and Geopolitical Risks," Working Papers 202171, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    17. Bonato, Matteo & Gkillas, Konstantinos & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2021. "A note on investor happiness and the predictability of realized volatility of gold," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 39(C).
    18. Luo, Jiawen & Demirer, Riza & Gupta, Rangan & Ji, Qiang, 2022. "Forecasting oil and gold volatilities with sentiment indicators under structural breaks," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(C).
    19. Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Christian Pierdzioch & Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad, 2021. "A note on oil price shocks and the forecastability of gold realized volatility," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(21), pages 1889-1897, December.
    20. Li, Yingli & Huang, Jianbai & Gao, Wang & Zhang, Hongwei, 2021. "Analyzing the time-frequency connectedness among oil, gold prices and BRICS geopolitical risks," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C).
    21. Salisu, Afees A. & Gupta, Rangan & Bouri, Elie & Ji, Qiang, 2020. "The role of global economic conditions in forecasting gold market volatility: Evidence from a GARCH-MIDAS approach," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    22. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Polat, Ali Yavuz & Tekin, Hasan & Tunalı, Ahmet Semih, 2022. "The Ascent of Geopolitics: Scientometric Analysis and Ramifications of Geopolitical Risk," MPRA Paper 112741, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Christian Pierdzioch, 2020. "Forecasting Realized Stock-Market Volatility: Do Industry Returns have Predictive Value?," Working Papers 2020107, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    24. Xu, Yahua & Bouri, Elie & Saeed, Tareq & Wen, Zhuzhu, 2020. "Intraday return predictability: Evidence from commodity ETFs and their related volatility indices," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    25. Hu, Min & Zhang, Dayong & Ji, Qiang & Wei, Lijian, 2020. "Macro factors and the realized volatility of commodities: A dynamic network analysis," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).

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