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Forecasting Realized Gold Volatility: Is there a Role of Geopolitical Risks?

Author

Listed:
  • Konstantinos Gkillas

    (Department of Business Administration, University of Patras-University Campus, Rio, P.O. Box 1391, 26500 Patras, Greece)

  • Rangan Gupta

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa)

  • Christian Pierdzioch

    (Department of Economics, Helmut Schmidt University, Holstenhofweg 85, P.O.B. 700822, 22008 Hamburg, Germany)

Abstract

We use a quantile-regression heterogeneous autoregressive realized volatility (QR-HARRV) model to study whether geopolitical risks have predictive value in sample and out-of-sample for realized gold-returns volatility estimated from intradaily data. We consider overall geopolitical risks along with a decomposition into actual risks (i.e., acts) and threats, and we control for overall the impact of economic policy uncertainty (EPU). We find that, after controlling for EPU, the components of geopolitical risks have predictive power for realized volatility mainly at a longer forecast horizon when we account for the potential asymmetry of the loss function a forecaster uses to evaluate forecasts.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Christian Pierdzioch, 2019. "Forecasting Realized Gold Volatility: Is there a Role of Geopolitical Risks?," Working Papers 201943, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201943
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    Cited by:

    1. Asai, Manabu & Gupta, Rangan & McAleer, Michael, 2020. "Forecasting volatility and co-volatility of crude oil and gold futures: Effects of leverage, jumps, spillovers, and geopolitical risks," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 933-948.
    2. Christos Floros & Konstantinos Gkillas & Christoforos Konstantatos & Athanasios Tsagkanos, 2020. "Realized Measures to Explain Volatility Changes over Time," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-19, June.
    3. Afees A. Salisu & Rangan Gupta & Sayar Karmakar & Sonali Das, 2021. "Forecasting Output Growth of Advanced Economies Over Eight Centuries: The Role of Gold Market Volatility as a Proxy of Global Uncertainty," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2021_017, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    4. Li, Yingli & Huang, Jianbai & Chen, Jinyu, 2021. "Dynamic spillovers of geopolitical risks and gold prices: New evidence from 18 emerging economies," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C).
    5. Bonato, Matteo & Gkillas, Konstantinos & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2021. "A note on investor happiness and the predictability of realized volatility of gold," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 39(C).
    6. Afees A. Salisu & Rangan Gupta & Ahamuefula E. Ogbonna, 2019. "A Moving Average Heterogeneous Autoregressive Model for Forecasting the Realized Volatility of the US Stock Market: Evidence from Over a Century of Data," Working Papers 201978, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    7. Zhang, Hongwei & Demirer, Riza & Huang, Jianbai & Huang, Wanjun & Tahir Suleman, Muhammad, 2021. "Economic policy uncertainty and gold return dynamics: Evidence from high-frequency data," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    8. Zhou, Mei-Jing & Huang, Jian-Bai & Chen, Jin-Yu, 2020. "The effects of geopolitical risks on the stock dynamics of China's rare metals: A TVP-VAR analysis," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    9. Afees A. Salisu & Juncal Cunado & Rangan Gupta, 2020. "Geopolitical Risks and Historical Exchange Rate Volatility of the BRICS," Working Papers 2020105, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    10. Jiawen Luo & Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Qiang Ji, 2021. "Forecasting Oil and Gold Volatilities with Sentiment Indicators Under Structural Breaks," Working Papers 202130, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    11. Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Christian Pierdzioch & Syed Jawad Hussain Shahzad, 2020. "A Note on Oil Price Shocks and the Forecastability of Gold Realized Volatility," Working Papers 202010, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    12. Salisu, Afees A. & Gupta, Rangan & Bouri, Elie & Ji, Qiang, 2020. "The role of global economic conditions in forecasting gold market volatility: Evidence from a GARCH-MIDAS approach," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    13. Riza Demirer & Rangan Gupta & Christian Pierdzioch, 2020. "Forecasting Realized Stock-Market Volatility: Do Industry Returns have Predictive Value?," Working Papers 2020107, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    14. Xu, Yahua & Bouri, Elie & Saeed, Tareq & Wen, Zhuzhu, 2020. "Intraday return predictability: Evidence from commodity ETFs and their related volatility indices," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    15. Hu, Min & Zhang, Dayong & Ji, Qiang & Wei, Lijian, 2020. "Macro factors and the realized volatility of commodities: A dynamic network analysis," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).

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    Keywords

    Gold-price returns; Realized volatility; Geopolitical risks; Forecasting;
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