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Volatility Jumps: The Role of Geopolitical Risks

Author

Listed:
  • Konstantinos Gkillas

    (Department of Business Administration , University of Patras, University Campus, Greece)

  • Rangan Gupta

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa)

  • Mark E. Wohar

    (College of Business Administration, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, USA and School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, UK)

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the role of a news-based index of geopolitical risks (GPRs), in predicting volatility jumps in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) over the monthly period of 1899:01 to 2017:12, with the jumps having been computed based on daily data over the same period. Standard linear Granger causality test fail to detect any evidence of GPRs causing volatility jumps. But given strong evidence of nonlinearity and structural breaks between jumps and GPRs, we next employ a nonparametric causality-in-quantiles test, because the linear model is misspecified. Using this data-driven robust approach we were able to detect overwhelming evidence of GPRs predicting volatility jumps in the DJIA over its entire conditional distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Mark E. Wohar, 2018. "Volatility Jumps: The Role of Geopolitical Risks," Working Papers 201805, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201805
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    Cited by:

    1. Gkillas, Konstantinos & Gupta, Rangan & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2020. "Forecasting realized oil-price volatility: The role of financial stress and asymmetric loss," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    2. Rangan Gupta & Chi Keung Marco Lau & Seong-Min Yoon, 2019. "OPEC News Announcement Effect on Volatility in the Crude Oil Market: A Reconsideration," Advances in Decision Sciences, Asia University, Taiwan, vol. 23(4), pages 1-23, December.
    3. Kotcharin, Suntichai & Maneenop, Sakkakom, 2020. "Geopolitical risk and corporate cash holdings in the shipping industry," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 136(C).
    4. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Demir, Ender & Gozgor, Giray & Lau, Chi Keung Marco, 2019. "Effects of the geopolitical risks on Bitcoin returns and volatility," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 511-518.
    5. Asai, Manabu & Gupta, Rangan & McAleer, Michael, 2020. "Forecasting volatility and co-volatility of crude oil and gold futures: Effects of leverage, jumps, spillovers, and geopolitical risks," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 933-948.
    6. Yue Liu & Hao Dong & Pierre Failler, 2019. "The Oil Market Reactions to OPEC’s Announcements," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-15, August.
    7. Elie Bouri & Rangan Gupta & Xuan Vinh Vo, 2020. "Jumps in Geopolitical Risk and the Cryptocurrency Market: The Singularity of Bitcoin," Working Papers 202015, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    8. Kannadhasan, M. & Das, Debojyoti, 2020. "Do Asian emerging stock markets react to international economic policy uncertainty and geopolitical risk alike? A quantile regression approach," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 34(C).
    9. Afees A. Salisu & Juncal Cunado & Rangan Gupta, 2020. "Geopolitical Risks and Historical Exchange Rate Volatility of the BRICS," Working Papers 2020105, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    10. Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Mark E. Wohar, 2020. "Oil shocks and volatility jumps," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 54(1), pages 247-272, January.
    11. Zeng, Sheng & Liu, Xinchun & Li, Xiafei & Wei, Qi & Shang, Yue, 2019. "Information dominance among hedging assets: Evidence from return and volatility directional spillovers in time and frequency domains," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 536(C).
    12. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Chen, Mei-Ping, 2020. "Do natural disasters and geopolitical risks matter for cross-border country exchange-traded fund returns?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
    13. Νikolaos A. Kyriazis, 2021. "The effects of geopolitical uncertainty on cryptocurrencies and other financial assets," SN Business & Economics, Springer, vol. 1(1), pages 1-14, January.
    14. Konstantinos Gkillas & Dimitrios Vortelinos & Christos Floros & Athanasios Tsagkanos, 2019. "Economic News Releases and Financial Markets in South Africa," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(4), pages 1-13, November.
    15. Tiwari, Aviral Kumar & Aye, Goodness C. & Gupta, Rangan & Gkillas, Konstantinos, 2020. "Gold-oil dependence dynamics and the role of geopolitical risks: Evidence from a Markov-switching time-varying copula model," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    16. Baur, Dirk G. & Smales, Lee A., 2020. "Hedging geopolitical risk with precious metals," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 117(C).
    17. Wang, Kai-Hua & Su, Chi-Wei & Umar, Muhammad, 2021. "Geopolitical risk and crude oil security: A Chinese perspective," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 219(C).
    18. Konstantinos Gkillas & Rangan Gupta & Chi Keung Marco Lau & Muhammad Tahir Suleman, 2020. "Jumps beyond the realms of cricket: India's performance in One Day Internationals and stock market movements," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 1109-1127, April.
    19. Liu, Jing & Ma, Feng & Tang, Yingkai & Zhang, Yaojie, 2019. "Geopolitical risk and oil volatility: A new insight," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    20. Zhou, Mei-Jing & Huang, Jian-Bai & Chen, Jin-Yu, 2020. "The effects of geopolitical risks on the stock dynamics of China's rare metals: A TVP-VAR analysis," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    21. Besma Hkiri & Juncal Cunado & Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta, 2019. "Time-Varying Relationship between Conventional and Unconventional Monetary Policies and Risk Aversion: International Evidence from Time- and Frequency-Domains," Working Papers 201965, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Stock Market Volatility Jumps; Geopolitical Risks;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)

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