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China'S Forests Under Economic Reform: Timber Supplies, Environmental Protection, And Rural Resource Access

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  • HEIDI J. ALBERS
  • SCOTT D. ROZELLE
  • LI GUO

Abstract

China's national forest statistics describe increases in total forest cover during the 1980s but mask the diversity of responses to economic reform and some characteristics of the forests and, forest uses. The provincial-level statistics reported here confirm the regional studies and anecdotal reports about widespread fellings of forest in the non-state managed areas but demonstrate that high rates of harvest occurred in the state-managed forests, too. These disaggregated statistics reveal the importance of direct investment projects, as opposed to pure reform measures, to provide environmental services and to increase, forest cover overall. In addition, these statistics provide evidence of an increase in the use of forest land for cash forests and fuelwood forests, as opposed to timber forests, by rural forest managers trying to meet their local resource and income needs. Copyright 1998 Western Economic Association International.

Suggested Citation

  • Heidi J. Albers & Scott D. Rozelle & Li Guo, 1998. "China'S Forests Under Economic Reform: Timber Supplies, Environmental Protection, And Rural Resource Access," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 22-33, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:coecpo:v:16:y:1998:i:1:p:22-33
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    File URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1465-7287.1998.tb00497.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harry R. Clarke & Ram M. Shrestha, 1989. "Traditional Energy Programs and the Theory of Open Access Forest Resources," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 139-155.
    2. Jikun Huang & Scott Rozelle, 1995. "Environmental Stress and Grain Yields in China," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 77(4), pages 853-864.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hubacek, Klaus & Sun, Laixiang, 2001. "A scenario analysis of China's land use and land cover change: incorporating biophysical information into input-output modeling," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 367-397, December.
    2. Holden, Stein & Xu, Jintao & Jiang, Xuemei, 2011. "Collective versus Individual Property: Tenure Security and Forest Tenure Reforms in China," CLTS Working Papers 4/11, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Centre for Land Tenure Studies.
    3. Xie, Lunyu & Berck, Peter & Xu, Jintao, 2016. "The effect on forestation of the collective forest tenure reform in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 116-129.
    4. Wang, Sen & Cornelis van Kooten, G. & Wilson, Bill, 2004. "Mosaic of reform: forest policy in post-1978 China," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 71-83, January.
    5. Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z. & Albers, Heidi J. & Williams, Jeffrey C., 2008. "Spatial and temporal modeling of community non-timber forest extraction," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 234-245, November.
    6. Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z. & Albers, Heidi J. & Williams, Jeffrey C., 2008. "Spatial and temporal modeling of community non-timber forest extraction," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 234-245, November.

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