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Monetary Union with a Single Currency and Imperfect Credit Market Integration

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  • Vincent Bignon
  • Régis Breton
  • Mariana Rojas Breu

Abstract

This paper shows that currency arrangements impact on credit available through default incentives. To this end we build a symmetric two-country model with money and imperfect credit market integration. With the Euro Area context in mind, we capture differences in credit market integration by variations in the cost for banks to grant credit for cross-border purchases. We show that for a high enough level of this cost, currency integration may magnify default incentives, leading to more stringent credit rationing and lower welfare than in a regime of two currencies. The integration of credit markets restores the optimality of the currency union.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Bignon & Régis Breton & Mariana Rojas Breu, 2015. "Monetary Union with a Single Currency and Imperfect Credit Market Integration," FIW Working Paper series 153, FIW.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsr:wpaper:y:2015:i:153
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    Cited by:

    1. Pedro, Gomis-Porqueras & Cathy, Zhang, 2018. "Optimal Monetary and Fiscal Policy with Migration in a Currency Union," MPRA Paper 83754, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banks; currency union; monetary union; credit; default;

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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