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Outside versus inside bonds: A Modigliani-Miller type result for liquidity constrained economies

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  • Aleksander Berentsen
  • Christopher Waller

Abstract

When agents are liquidity constrained, two options exist � sell assets or borrow. We compare the allocations arising in two economies: in one, agents can sell government bonds (outside bonds) and in the other they can borrow (issue inside bonds). All transactions are voluntary, implying no taxation or forced redemption of private debt. We show that any allocation in the economy with inside bonds can be replicated in the economy with outside bonds but that the converse is not true. However, the optimal policy in each economy makes the allocations equivalent.

Suggested Citation

  • Aleksander Berentsen & Christopher Waller, 2009. "Outside versus inside bonds: A Modigliani-Miller type result for liquidity constrained economies," IEW - Working Papers 443, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:443
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Liquidity; financial markets; monetary policy; search;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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