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Outside versus Inside Bonds: A Modigliani-Miller Type Result for Liquidity Constrained Economies

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  • Aleksander Berentsen
  • Christopher Waller

Abstract

When agents are liquidity constrained, two options exist — sell assets or borrow. We compare the allocations arising in two economies: in one, agents can sell government (outside) bonds and in the other they can borrow by issuing (inside) bonds. All transactions are voluntary, implying no taxation or forced redemption of private debt. We show that any allocation in the economy with inside bonds can be replicated in the economy with outside bonds but that the converse is not true. However, the optimal policy in each economy makes the allocations equivalent.

Suggested Citation

  • Aleksander Berentsen & Christopher Waller, 2010. "Outside versus Inside Bonds: A Modigliani-Miller Type Result for Liquidity Constrained Economies," CESifo Working Paper Series 3272, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_3272
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Berentsen, Aleksander & Huber, Samuel & Marchesiani, Alessandro, 2016. "The societal benefit of a financial transaction tax," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 303-323.
    2. Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2016. "Monetary Policy, Asset Prices, and Liquidity in Over‐the‐Counter Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(1), pages 35-79, February.
    3. Herrenbrueck, Lucas, 2014. "Quantitative Easing and the Liquidity Channel of Monetary Policy," MPRA Paper 70686, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Apr 2016.
    4. Aleksander Berentsen & Alessandro Marchesiani & Christopher Waller, 2014. "Floor Systems for Implementing Monetary Policy: Some Unpleasant Fiscal Arithmetic," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 17(3), pages 523-542, July.
    5. repec:eee:dyncon:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:184-200 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Dominguez, Begona & Gomis-Porqueras, Pedro, 2016. "The Effects of Secondary Markets for Government Bonds on Inflation Dynamics," MPRA Paper 82444, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Aleksander Berentsen & Samuel Huber & Alessandro Marchesiani, 2015. "Limited commitment and the demand for money," ECON - Working Papers 199, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Feb 2016.
    8. Williamson, Stephen & Wright, Randall, 2010. "New Monetarist Economics: Models," Handbook of Monetary Economics,in: Benjamin M. Friedman & Michael Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 2, pages 25-96 Elsevier.
    9. Chao Gu & Fabrizio Mattesini & Randall Wright, 2016. "Money and Credit Redux," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 84, pages 1-32, January.
    10. Huber, Samuel & Kim, Jaehong, 2017. "On the optimal quantity of liquid bonds," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 184-200.
    11. Waller, Christopher J., 2015. "Microfoundations of Money: Why They Matter," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 97(4), pages 289-301.
    12. Florian Madison, 2016. "Asymmetric information in frictional markets for liquidity: collateralized credit vs asset sale," ECON - Working Papers 220, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised Sep 2017.
    13. Li, Ying-Syuan & Li, Yiting, 2013. "Liquidity and asset prices: A new monetarist approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(4), pages 426-438.
    14. Aleksander Berentsen & Samuel Huber & Alessandro Marchesiani, 2011. "Free-riding on liquidity," ECON - Working Papers 032, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
    15. Mattesini, Fabrizio & Nosal, Ed, 2016. "Liquidity and asset prices in a monetary model with OTC asset markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 187-217.
    16. Dominguez, Begona & Gomis-Porqueras, Pedro, 2016. "The Effects of Secondary Markets and Unsecured Credit on Inflation Dynamics," MPRA Paper 75096, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    liquidity; financial markets; monetary policy; search;

    JEL classification:

    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General

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