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Efficient Monetary Allocations and the Illiquidity of Bonds

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  • Boel, Paola
  • Camera, Gabriele

Abstract

We construct a monetary economy with heterogeneity in discounting and consumption risk. Agents can insure against this risk with both money and nominal government bonds, but all trades must be monetized. We demonstrate that a deflationary policy a la Friedman cannot sustain the efficient allocation. The reason is that no-arbitrage imposes a stringent bound on the return money can pay. The efficient allocation can be sustained when bonds have positive yields and – under certain conditions – only if they are illiquid. Illiquidity – meaning bonds cannot be transformed into consumption as efficiently as cash – is necessary to eliminate arbitrage opportunities.

Suggested Citation

  • Boel, Paola & Camera, Gabriele, 2004. "Efficient Monetary Allocations and the Illiquidity of Bonds," Purdue University Economics Working Papers 1171, Purdue University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pur:prukra:1171
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Meier & Burkhard Schipper, 2014. "Bayesian games with unawareness and unawareness perfection," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 56(2), pages 219-249, June.
    2. Berentsen, Aleksander & Waller, Christopher, 2011. "Outside versus inside bonds: A ModiglianiâMiller type result for liquidity constrained economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 146(5), pages 1852-1887, September.
    3. Aliprantis, C.D. & Camera, G. & Puzzello, D., 2007. "A random matching theory," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 1-16, April.
    4. Marchesiani, Alessandro & Senesi, Pietro, 2009. "Money And Nominal Bonds," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(02), pages 189-199, April.
    5. Shi, Shouyong, 2008. "Efficiency improvement from restricting the liquidity of nominal bonds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(6), pages 1025-1037, September.
    6. Geromichalos, Athanasios & Herrenbrueck, Lucas M. & Salyer, Kevin D., 2016. "A search-theoretic model of the term premium," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 11(3), September.
    7. D. Aliprantis, C. & Camera, G. & Puzzello, D., 2007. "Anonymous markets and monetary trading," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(7), pages 1905-1928, October.
    8. Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2016. "Monetary Policy, Asset Prices, and Liquidity in Over‐the‐Counter Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(1), pages 35-79, February.
    9. William Blankenau & Gabriele Camera, 2009. "Public Spending on Education and the Incentives for Student Achievement," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 76(303), pages 505-527, July.
    10. Antinolfi, Gaetano & Azariadis, Costas & Bullard, James, 2016. "The Optimal Inflation Target In An Economy With Limited Enforcement," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(02), pages 582-600, March.
    11. Boel, Paola & Camera, Gabriele, 2009. "Financial sophistication and the distribution of the welfare cost of inflation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(7), pages 968-978, October.
    12. Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2017. "The Liquidity-Augmented Model of Macroeconomic Aggregates," Discussion Papers dp17-16, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    13. Kim, Young Sik & Lee, Manjong, 2012. "Intermediary cost and coexistence puzzle," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(1), pages 142-145.
    14. Berentsen, Aleksander & Strub, Carlo, 2009. "Central bank design with heterogeneous agents," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 139-152, February.
    15. David Andolfatto, 2009. "On the Societal Benefits of Illiquid Bonds," Working Paper series 13_09, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    16. Williamson, Stephen & Wright, Randall, 2010. "New Monetarist Economics: Models," Handbook of Monetary Economics,in: Benjamin M. Friedman & Michael Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Monetary Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 2, pages 25-96 Elsevier.
    17. Han, Han, 2015. "Over-the-Counter Markets, Intermediation, and Monetary Policy," MPRA Paper 68709, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Aleksander Berentsen & Christopher Waller, 2008. "Outside Versus Inside Bonds," IEW - Working Papers 372, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    19. Aliprantis, C.D. & Camera, G. & Puzzello, D., 2007. "Bilateral matching with Latin squares," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 99-114, February.
    20. Shouyong Shi, 2006. "Welfare Improvement from Restricting the Liquidity of Nominal Bonds," Working Papers tecipa-212, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    21. Aliprantis, C. D. & Camera, G. & Puzzello, D., 2006. "Bilateral Matching and Latin Squares," Purdue University Economics Working Papers 1189, Purdue University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Money ; Heterogeneity ; Friedman Rule ; Illiquid Assets;

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit

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