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Heterogeneity and Redistribution: By Monetary or Fiscal Means?

Author

Listed:
  • Michael T. Belongia

    () (University of Mississippi)

  • Peter N. Ireland

    () (Boston College)

Abstract

In models with heterogeneous agents, issues of distribution and redistribution jump to the fore, raising the question: which policies--monetary or fiscal--work most effectively in transferring income from one group to another? To begin answering this question, this note works through a series of examples using Townsend's turnpike model. Two basic results emerge. First, the zero lower bound on nominal interest rates often appears as an obstacle to redistribution by monetary means. Second, assumptions made about the government's ability to raise tax revenue without distortion and to discriminate between agent types in distributing that tax revenue play a large role in determining whether agents prefer to redistribute income by monetary or fiscal means.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael T. Belongia & Peter N. Ireland, 2004. "Heterogeneity and Redistribution: By Monetary or Fiscal Means?," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 595, Boston College Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:bocoec:595
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chari, V.V. & Kehoe, Patrick J., 1999. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 26, pages 1671-1745 Elsevier.
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    Cited by:

    1. Boel, Paola & Camera, Gabriele, 2006. "Efficient monetary allocations and the illiquidity of bonds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 1693-1715, October.
    2. Boel, Paola & Waller, Christopher J., 2015. "On the Theoretical Efficacy of Quantitative Easing at the Zero Lower Bound," Working Paper Series 310, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
    3. Christopher Waller & Paola Boel, 2017. "On the Theoretical Efficacy of Quantitative Easing at the Zero Lower Bound," 2017 Meeting Papers 1030, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Turdaliev, Nurlan, 2009. "Transparency in monetary policy: A general equilibrium approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 608-613, May.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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