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Ramsey Monetary Policy and International Relative Prices

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  • Faia, Ester
  • Monacelli, Tommaso

Abstract

We analyse welfare-maximizing monetary policy in a dynamic general equilibrium two-country model with price stickiness and imperfect competition. In this context, a typical terms of trade externality affects policy interaction between independent monetary authorities. Unlike the existing literature, we remain consistent to a public finance approach by an explicit consideration of all the distortions that are relevant to the Ramsey planner. This strategy entails two main advantages. First, it allows an accurate characterization of optimal policy in an economy that evolves around a steady state that is not necessarily efficient. Second, it allows us to describe a full range of alternative dynamic equilibria when price-setters in both countries are completely forward-looking and households’ preferences are not restricted. We study optimal policy both in the long run and in response to shocks, and we compare commitment under Nash competition and under cooperation. By deriving a second order accurate solution to the policy functions, we also characterize the welfare gains from international policy cooperation.

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  • Faia, Ester & Monacelli, Tommaso, 2004. "Ramsey Monetary Policy and International Relative Prices," CEPR Discussion Papers 4386, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:4386
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    Cited by:

    1. Ester Faia & Tommaso Monacelli, 2008. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy with Home Bias," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(4), pages 721-750, June.
    2. Corsini, Lorenzo & Spataro, Luca, 2011. "Optimal decisions on pension plans in the presence of financial literacy costs and income inequalities," MPRA Paper 30946, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kaufmann, Christoph, 2016. "Optimal Fiscal Substitutes For The Exchange Rate In A Monetary Union," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145873, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    4. Darracq Pariès, Matthieu, 2007. "International frictions and optimal monetary policy cooperation: analytical solutions," Working Paper Series 834, European Central Bank.
    5. Constantino Hevia & Juan Pablo Nicolini, 2013. "Optimal Devaluations," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 61(1), pages 22-51, April.
    6. Corsetti, Giancarlo, 2006. "Openness and the case for flexible exchange rates," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 1-21, March.
    7. De Paoli, Bianca, 2009. "Monetary policy and welfare in a small open economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 11-22, February.
    8. Kelly Edmiston & Mary Gillett Fisher, 2006. "Financial education at the workplace: evidence from a survey of Federal Reserve Bank employees," Community Affairs Research Working Paper 2006-02, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    9. Monacelli, Tommaso, 2003. "Monetary policy in a low pass-through environment," Working Paper Series 227, European Central Bank.
    10. Ruy Lama & Juan Pablo Medina, 2004. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy Under Segmented Asset Markets and Sticky Prices," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 286, Central Bank of Chile.
    11. Adjemian, Stéphane & Darracq Pariès, Matthieu & Smets, Frank, 2008. "A quantitative perspective on optimal monetary policy cooperation between the US and the euro area," Working Paper Series 884, European Central Bank.
    12. Tommaso Monacelli, 2003. "Commitment, Discretion and Fixed Exchange Rates in an Open Economy," Working Papers 233, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    13. Sebastian Sienknecht, 2010. "On the Informational Loss Inherent in Approximation Procedures: Welfare Implications and Impulse Responses," Jena Economic Research Papers 2010-005, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cooperation; imperfect competition; nash equilibrium; optimal monetary policy; ramsey planner; sticky prices;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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