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The Role of Financial Market Structure and the Trade Elasticity for Monetary Policy in Open Economies

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  • KATRIN RABITSCH

Abstract

The degree of international risk sharing matters for how monetary policy should optimally be conducted in an open economy. This is because risk sharing affects the way in which monetary policy is affected by terms of trade considerations. In a standard two-country model with monopolistic competition and nominal rigidities I consider different assumptions on international financial markets – complete markets, financial autarky and a bond economy – and a large region for the crucial parameter of the trade elasticity. There are three main results: one, the prescription of (producer) price stability as the optimal policy is obtained only as a special case, while in general it is optimal to deviate from a strictly zero inflation rate. Two, while gains from international policy coordination are generally small, they become potentially substantial when international risk sharing is poor and wealth effects from shocks across countries are large. And, three, when international financial markets are incomplete, there are also (sometimes considerable) gains over the flexible price allocation achievable.
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Suggested Citation

  • Katrin Rabitsch, 2012. "The Role of Financial Market Structure and the Trade Elasticity for Monetary Policy in Open Economies," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 44(4), pages 603-629, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:44:y:2012:i:4:p:603-629
    DOI: j.1538-4616.2012.00503.x
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1538-4616.2012.00503.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ester Faia & Tommaso Monacelli, 2008. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy with Home Bias," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 40(4), pages 721-750, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mykhaylova Olena & Staveley-O’Carroll James, 2014. "International transmission of productivity shocks with nonzero net foreign debt," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 14(1), pages 1-46, January.
    2. De Paoli, Bianca & Lipinska, Anna, 2012. "Capital controls: a normative analysis," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov, pages 1-36.
    3. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel & Neiman, Brent, 2016. "Obstfeld and Rogoff׳s international macro puzzles: a quantitative assessment," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 5-23.
    4. James Staveley-O'Carroll & Olena M. Staveley-O'Carroll, 2016. "Exchange Rate Targeting in the Presence of Foreign Debt Obligations," Working Papers 1604, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    5. Forlati, Chiara, 2015. "On the benefits of a monetary union: Does it pay to be bigger?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 448-463.
    6. Gong, Liutang & Wang, Chan & Zou, Heng-fu, 2016. "Optimal monetary policy with international trade in intermediate inputs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 140-165.
    7. Chiara Forlati, 2007. "On the Benefits of a Monetary Union: Does it Pay to Be Bigger?," Working Papers 201303, Center for Fiscal Policy, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, revised Jul 2012.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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