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On the Theoretical Efficacy of Quantitative Easing at the Zero Lower Bound

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Abstract

We construct a monetary economy in which agents face aggregate demand shocks and hetero- generous idiosyncratic preference shocks. We show that, even when the Friedman rule is the best interest rate policy, not all agents are satiated at the zero lower bound. Thus, quantitative easing can be welfare improving since it temporarily relaxes the liquidity constraint of some agents, without harming others. Moreover, due to a pricing externality, quantitative easing may also have beneficial general equilibrium effects for the unconstrained agents. Lastly, our model suggests that it can be optimal for the central bank to buy private debt claims instead of government debt.

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  • Boel, Paola & Waller, Christopher J., 2015. "On the Theoretical Efficacy of Quantitative Easing at the Zero Lower Bound," Working Papers 2015-27, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2015-027
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    1. repec:eee:dyncon:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:184-200 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Huber, Samuel & Kim, Jaehong, 2017. "On the optimal quantity of liquid bonds," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 184-200.
    3. Waller, Christopher J., 2015. "Microfoundations of Money: Why They Matter," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 97(4), pages 289-301.
    4. James Bullard, 2016. "Permazero," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 36(2), pages 415-429, Spring/Su.
      • Bullard, James B., 2016. "Permazero," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 98(2), pages 81-92.
      • Bullard, James B., 2015. "Permazero," Speech 256, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    5. Athanasios Geromichalos & Lucas Herrenbrueck, 2017. "The Liquidity-Augmented Model of Macroeconomic Aggregates," Discussion Papers dp17-16, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
    6. Nicola Amendola & Leo Ferraris & Fabrizio Mattesini, 2016. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a Pure Currency Economy with Heterogenous Agents," CEIS Research Paper 394, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 02 Feb 2017.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Money; Heterogeneity; Stabilization Policy; Zero Lower Bound; Quantitative Easing;

    JEL classification:

    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General

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