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On why gender employment equality in Britain has stalled since the early 1990s

Author

Listed:
  • Giovanni Razzu

    () (Department of Economics, University of Reading)

  • Carl Singleton

    () (Department of Economics, University of Reading)

  • Mark Mitchell

    () (School of Economics, University of Edinburgh)

Abstract

Using over four decades of British micro data, this paper asks why the narrowing of the gender employment rate gap has stalled since the early 1990s. We find that changes to the structure of employment both between and within industry sectors impacted the gap at approximately constant rates throughout the period, and does not account for the stall. Instead, changes to how the characteristics of women's partners affected their own employment rates address most of the gap's shift in trend. There is also evidence that increases in women's employment when they had children or higher qualifications continued to narrow the gender gap even after it had stalled overall.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni Razzu & Carl Singleton & Mark Mitchell, 2019. "On why gender employment equality in Britain has stalled since the early 1990s," Economics & Management Discussion Papers em-dp2019-02, Henley Business School, Reading University.
  • Handle: RePEc:rdg:emxxdp:em-dp2019-02
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    File URL: http://www.reading.ac.uk/web/FILES/economics/emdp201902.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender employment gaps; structural change; micro time series dataset;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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