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Gender gaps and the structure of local labour markets

Author

Listed:
  • Barbara Petrongolo

    (Queen Mary University of London)

  • Maddalena Ronchi

    (Queen Mary University of London)

Abstract

In this paper we discuss some strands of the recent literature on the evolution of gender gaps and their driving forces. We will revisit key stylized facts about gender gaps in employment and wages in a few high-income countries. We then discuss and build on one gender-neutral force behind the rise in female employment, namely the rise of the service economy, which is also closely related to the polarisation of female employment and to the geographic distribution of jobs, which is expected to be especially relevant for female employment prospects. We finally turn to currently debated causes of remaining gender gaps and discuss existing evidence on labour market consequences of women's heavier caring responsibilities in the household. In particular, we highlight how women's stronger distaste for commuting time may feed into gender pay gaps by making women more willing to trade off steeper wage gains for shorter commutes.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbara Petrongolo & Maddalena Ronchi, 2020. "Gender gaps and the structure of local labour markets," Working Papers 901, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:qmw:qmwecw:901
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Miriam Gensowski & Mette Goertz & Stefanie Schurer, 2020. "Inequality in Personality over the Life Cycle," CEBI working paper series 20-16, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. The Center for Economic Behavior and Inequality (CEBI).
    2. Richard Fabling & David C. Maré, 2020. "Measuring commute patterns over time: Using administrative data to identify where employees live and work," Working Papers 20_05, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    3. Adamus, Magdalena & Mikušková, Eva Ballová, 2020. "Gender-based wage discrimination and the backlash effect in recruitment and dismissal processes Experimental evidence from Slovakia," OSF Preprints 4y6uc, Center for Open Science.
    4. Aksoy, Cevat Giray & Ozcan, Berkay & Philipp, Julia, 2020. "Robots and the Gender Pay Gap in Europe," SocArXiv rxkg2, Center for Open Science.
    5. Farré, Lídia & Jofre-Monseny, Jordi & Torrecillas, Juan, 2020. "Commuting Time and the Gender Gap in Labor Market Participation," IZA Discussion Papers 13213, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Aksoy, Cevat Giray & Ozcan, Berkay & Philipp, Julia, 2020. "Robots and the Gender Pay Gap in Europe," SocArXiv rxkg2, Center for Open Science.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender gaps; industry structure; local labour markets.;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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