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Sex-Related Wage Differentials and Women's Interrupted Labor Careers--The Chicken or the Egg

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  • Gronau, Reuben

Abstract

Wage differentials between men and women are often attributed to differences in on-the-job training-the lower investment of women being explained by their plans to interrupt their careers for family reasons. Career interruptions, however, are often explained by low wages. To trace this interrelationship, the author adopts a simultaneous equations approach-trying to explain wages, planned separations, on-the-job training, and the skill intensity of the job simultaneously. Skill intensity is found to be a key variable in the explanation of the wage differential. Traditional theory is hard pressed to explain the sex-related differences in this variable. Copyright 1988 by University of Chicago Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Gronau, Reuben, 1988. "Sex-Related Wage Differentials and Women's Interrupted Labor Careers--The Chicken or the Egg," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(3), pages 277-301, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:v:6:y:1988:i:3:p:277-301
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
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    7. Kenneth Arrow, 1971. "The Theory of Discrimination," Working Papers 403, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    8. Duncan, Greg J & Hoffman, Saul, 1979. "On-the-Job Training and Earnings Differences by Race and Sex," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(4), pages 594-603, November.
    9. Joanne Salop & Steven C. Salop, 1976. "Self-selection and turnover in the labor market," Special Studies Papers 80, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    10. Steven H. Sandell & David Shapiro, 1980. "Work Expectations, Human Capital Accumulation, and the Wages of Young Women," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 15(3), pages 335-353.
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