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Les disparités de carrières des hommes et des femmes : accès à l'emploi, mobilités et salaires

  • Anne-Marie Daune-Richard

    (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - CNRS : UMR6123 - Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II)

  • Pierre Béret

    ()

    (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - CNRS : UMR6123 - Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille I - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II)

  • Arnaud Dupray

    ()

    (CEREQ - Centre d'études et de recherches sur les qualifications - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - ministère de l'Emploi, cohésion sociale et logement)

  • Christine Fournier

    ()

    (CEREQ - Centre d'études et de recherches sur les qualifications - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - ministère de l'Emploi, cohésion sociale et logement)

  • Stéphanie Moullet

    ()

    (CEREQ - Centre d'études et de recherches sur les qualifications - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - ministère de l'Emploi, cohésion sociale et logement)

L'étude s'est déroulé en trois volets qui structureront ce rapport. Dans un premier temps (partie I), il nous a semblé indispensable de situer notre analyse des disparités de carrières entre hommes et femmes dans l'évolution générale de l'activité et de l'emploi. Une analyse des différences hommes-femmes dans les enquêtes sur l'emploi de 1990 et 1999 a permis de constater :- que la concentration de l'emploi féminin par profession aurait plutôt tendance à se renforcer, ce qui n'est pas le cas de l'emploi masculin,- que le mouvement général d'élévation de l'emploi précaire a plus touché les hommes que les femmes, réduisant l'écart entre les sexes ; celles-ci demeurant cependant plus concernées- enfin que le développement de l'emploi à temps partiel creuse l'écart entre les parcours professionnels et salariaux des hommes et des femmes en même temps qu'il crée des différenciations considérables au sein de la population féminine en emploi.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00005795
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