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Economic incentives, home production and gender identity norms

Author

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  • Ichino, Andrea

    (European University Institute, U. Bologna and CEPR)

  • Olsson, Martin

    (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN, Stockholm) and IFAU)

  • Petrongolo, Barbara

    (Queen Mary University London, CEP (LSE) and CEPR)

  • Skogman Thoursie, Peter

    (Stockholm University and IFAU)

Abstract

We infer the role of gender identity norms from the reallocation of childcare across parents, following changes in their relative wages. By exploiting variation from a Swedish tax reform, we estimate the elasticity of substitution in parental childcare for the whole population and for demographic groups potentially adhering to differently binding norms. We find that immigrant, married and male breadwinner couples, as well as couples with a male first-born, react more strongly to tax changes that induce a more traditional allocation of spouses' time, while the respective counterpart couples react more strongly to tax changes that induce a more egalitarian division of labor.

Suggested Citation

  • Ichino, Andrea & Olsson, Martin & Petrongolo, Barbara & Skogman Thoursie, Peter, 2019. "Economic incentives, home production and gender identity norms," Working Paper Series 2019:11, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2019_011
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    Cited by:

    1. Gordon B. Dahl & Cristina Felfe & Paul Frijters & Helmut Rainer, 2020. "Caught between Cultures: Unintended Consequences of Improving Opportunity for Immigrant Girls," NBER Working Papers 26674, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Petrongolo, Barbara & Ronchi, Maddalena, 2020. "Gender gaps and the structure of local labor markets," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    3. Luigi Guiso & Luana Zaccaria, 2021. "From Patriarchy to Partnership: Gender Equality and Household Finance," EIEF Working Papers Series 2101, Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF), revised Jan 2021.
    4. Azmat, Ghazala & Hensvik, Lena & Rosenqvist, Olof, 2020. "Workplace Presenteeism, Job Substitutability and Gender Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 13447, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Barbara Petrongolo & Maddalena Ronchi, 2020. "A survey of gender gaps through the lens of the industry structure and local labor markets," CEP Discussion Papers dp1688, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. Tomas Lichard & Filip Pertold & Samuel Skoda, 2020. "Do Women Face a Glass Ceiling at Home? The Division of Household Labor among Dual-Earner Couples," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp662, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    7. Yuko Kinoshita & Mariya Brussevich & Cristian Alonso & Ms. Era Dabla-Norris & Ms. Kalpana Kochhar, 2019. "Reducing and Redistributing Unpaid Work: Stronger Policies to Support Gender Equality," IMF Working Papers 2019/225, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Petrongolo, Barbara & Ronchi, Maddalena, 2020. "A survey of gender gaps through the lens of the industry structure and local labor markets," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 108438, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Home production; taxes; gender identity; gender gaps.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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