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Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies

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  • F. Barigozzi
  • H. Cremer
  • K. Roeder

Abstract

Our model explains the observed gender-specific patterns of career and child care choices through endogenous social norms. We study how these norms interact with the gender wage gap. We show that via the social norm a couple’s child care and career choices impose an externality on other couples, so that the laissez-faire is inefficient. We use our model to study the design and effectiveness of three commonly used policies. We find that child care subsidies and women quotas can be effective tools to mitigate or eliminate the externality. Parental leave, however, may even intensify the externality and decrease welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • F. Barigozzi & H. Cremer & K. Roeder, 2017. "Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies," Working Papers wp1094, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  • Handle: RePEc:bol:bodewp:wp1094
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    Cited by:

    1. Barigozzi, Francesca & Cremer, Helmuth & Monfardini, Chiara, 2019. "The Gender Gap in Informal Child Care: Theory and Some Evidence from Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 12403, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Finlay, Jocelyn E., 2021. "Women’s reproductive health and economic activity: A narrative review," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 139(C).
    3. Barigozzi, Francesca & Cremer, Helmuth & Roeder, Kerstin, 2020. "Caregivers in the family: Daughters, sons and social norms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    4. Barigozzi, Francesca & Cremer, Helmuth & Roeder, Kerstin, 2020. "Having it all, for all: Child-care subsidies and income distribution reconciled," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 188-211.
    5. Ralsmark, Hilda, 2017. "Education, norms, and gender equality," Working Papers in Economics 702, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    6. Elena Del Rey & Maria Racionero & Jose I. Silva, 2018. "Labor Market Effects of Reducing the Gender Gap in Parental Leave Entitlements," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics 2018-663, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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