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Recent International and Regulatory Decisions About Geographical Indications, The

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  • Marette, Stephan
  • Babcock, Bruce A.

Abstract

As worldwide consumer demand for high-quality products and for information about these products increases, labels and geographical indications (GIs) can serve to signal quality traits to consumers. However, GI systems among countries are not homogeneous and can be used as trade barriers against competition. Philosophical differences between the European Union and the United States about how GIs should be registered and protected led to the formation of a WTO dispute settlement panel. In this paper we discuss the issues behind the dispute, the World Trade Organization (WTO) panel decision, and the EU response to the panel decision leading to the new Regulation 510/2006. Given the potential for GI labels to supply consumer information, context is provided for the discussion using recent literature on product labeling. Implications are drawn regarding the importance of the panel decision and the EU response relative to GI issues yet to be negotiated under the Doha Round.

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  • Marette, Stephan & Babcock, Bruce A., 2008. "Recent International and Regulatory Decisions About Geographical Indications, The," Staff General Research Papers Archive 12706, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:12706
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bruce A. Babcock & Roxanne Clemens, 2004. "Geographical Indications and Property Rights: Protecting Value-Added Agricultural Products," Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC) Publications 04-mbp7, Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC) at Iowa State University.
    2. Benitez, D. & Bouamra-Mechemache, Z. & Chaaban, J., 2005. "Public labeling revisited : the role of technological constraints under protected designation of origin regulation," Economics Working Paper Archive (Toulouse) 200521, French Institute for Agronomy Research (INRA), Economics Laboratory in Toulouse (ESR Toulouse).
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    Cited by:

    1. Patel, Payal & House, Lisa & Spreen, Thomas H., 2011. "How Do Different Countries Use Labeling Standards: A Case Study Comparing Wisconsin Real Cheese to Parmigiano-Reggiano," 2011 International European Forum, February 14-18, 2011, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 122015, International European Forum on Innovation and System Dynamics in Food Networks.
    2. repec:eee:wdevel:v:98:y:2017:i:c:p:35-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Anders, Sven M. & Caswell, Julie A., 2009. "The Benefits and Costs of Proliferation of Geographical Labeling for Developing Countries," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 10(1).
    4. Dentoni, Domenico & Menozzi, Davide & Capelli, Maria Giacinta, 2012. "Group heterogeneity and cooperation on the geographical indication regulation: The case of the “Prosciutto di Parma” Consortium," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 207-216.
    5. Jianyu Yu & Zohra Bouamra-Mechemache, 2016. "Production standards, competition and vertical relationship," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 43(1), pages 79-111.
    6. Fares, M’hand & Raza, Saqlain & Thomas, Alban, 2018. "Is there complementarity between labels and brands? Evidence from small French co-operatives," TSE Working Papers 18-895, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).

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