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Are geographical indications a worthy quality label? A framework with endogenous quality choice

  • Desquilbet, Marion
  • Monier-Dilhan, Sylvette

We analyze the effects of Geographical Indication (GI) labeling on quality choices and welfare with two vertically differentiated goods, one labelable, the other not. We consider two attributes of these goods: gustatory quality and geographical origin. We investigate two extreme cases of the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) label: a denomination standard, which guarantees only the origin of the product, without any requirement on production specifications; and a minimum quality requirement, which guarantees both the origin and the quality of the product. We find that the PDO good is not necessarily the high-quality good. When it is, the introduction of the denomination standard causes its quality to decrease. Binding production specifications that maintain the quality level of the labeled good adversely affect the PDO firm.

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Paper provided by Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) in its series TSE Working Papers with number 11-263.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision: Jun 2012
Publication status: Published in European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol.�42, 2015, p.�129-150.
Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:25317
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Web page: http://www.tse-fr.eu/

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  1. Menapace, Luisa & Moschini, GianCarlo, 2009. "Quality Certification by Geographical Indications, Trademarks and Firm Reputation," Staff General Research Papers 13126, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  2. repec:inr:wpaper:156523 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Menapace, Luisa & Moschini, GianCarlo, 2010. "Quality Certification by Geographical Indications, Trademarks and Firm Reputation," 2010 Annual Meeting, July 25-27, 2010, Denver, Colorado 61778, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  4. Deselnicu, Oana C. & Costanigro, Marco & Souza-Monteiro, Diogo M. & McFadden, Dawn Thilmany, 2013. "A Meta-Analysis of Geographical Indication Food Valuation Studies: What Drives the Premium for Origin-Based Labels?," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(2), August.
  5. Sergio H. Lence & Stéphan Marette & Dermot J. Hayes & William E. Foster, 2006. "Collective Marketing Arrangements for Geographically Differentiated Agricultural Products: Welfare Impacts and Policy Implications," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 06-mwp9, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  6. Crampes, C. & Hollander, A., 1992. "How Many Karats Is Gold: Welfare Effects of Easing a Denomination Standard," Cahiers de recherche 9225, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  7. Bouamra-Mechemache Zohra & Chaaban Jad, 2010. "Protected Designation of Origin Revisited," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-29, August.
  8. Stéphan Marette & John Crespi, 2003. "Can Quality Certification Lead to Stable Cartels?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 43-64, August.
  9. Moschini, GianCarlo & Menapace, Luisa & Pick, Daniel, 2008. "Geographical Indications and the Competitive Provision of Quality in Agricultural Markets," Staff General Research Papers 12858, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  10. Claire Chambolle & Eric Giraud-Héraud, 2004. "Certification of Origin as a Non-Tariff Barrier," Working Papers hal-00242917, HAL.
  11. Tauber, Ramona & Anders, Sven M. & Langinier, Corinne, 2011. "The Economics of Geographical Indications: Welfare Implications," Working Papers 103262, Structure and Performance of Agriculture and Agri-products Industry (SPAA).
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