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Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia

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  • Natalia Ramírez Bustamante
  • Ana Maria Tribin Uribe
  • Carmiña O. Vargas

Abstract

Our research seeks to determine the impact on female labor outcomes of the amendment on the Colombian labor law in which maternity leave was extended from 12 to 14 weeks (through Law 1468 of July 2011). To identify this impact we compare labor market outcomes of two groups of women with differences in their fertility rates. We find evidence that as a result of the extension of the maternity leave period, women in the high-fertility age group have experienced an increase in inactivity rates, informality, and self-employment. We argue that a redesign of maternity protection policy is due, one through which the economic and social costs of bearing children are shared by both parents and which may generate social change regarding the importance of paternal care.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Ramírez Bustamante & Ana Maria Tribin Uribe & Carmiña O. Vargas, 2015. "Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 12610, Banco de la Republica.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:012610
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    Cited by:

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    2. Centro Internacional de Políticas para el Crecimiento Inclusivo (IPC-IG) & UNICEF — Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe, 2020. "Maternidad y paternidad en el lugar de trabajo en América Latina y el Caribe — políticas para la licencia de maternidad y paternidad y apoyo a la lactancia materna," Research Report Spanish (Country Study) 40, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    3. Kotaro Ishi & Mr. Kenji Fujita & Mr. Mark R. Stone, 2011. "Should Unconventional Balance Sheet Policies Be Added to the Central Bank toolkit? a Review of the Experience so Far," IMF Working Papers 2011/145, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Castellani, Francesca & Lora-Torres, Eduardo (ed.), 2016. "Desempleo femenino en Colombia," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2016a-12, December.
    5. Aizenman, Joshua & Cheung, Yin-Wong & Ito, Hiro, 2015. "International reserves before and after the global crisis: Is there no end to hoarding?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 102-126.
    6. Davide Furceri & Aleksandra Zdzienicka-Durand, 2010. "Banking Crises and Short and Medium Term Output Losses in Developing Countries: The Role of Structural and Policy Variables," Post-Print halshs-00491089, HAL.
    7. Frederic S. Mishkin, 2007. "Comment on "Monetary Rules in Emerging Economies with Financial Market Imperfections"," NBER Chapters, in: International Dimensions of Monetary Policy, pages 311-317, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Aizenman, Joshua & Ito, Hiro, 2012. "Trilemma policy convergence patterns and output volatility," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 269-285.
    9. Roberto Chang, 2008. "Inflation Targeting, Reserves Accumulation, and Exchange Rate Management in Latin America," Borradores de Economia 487, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    10. Joshua Aizenman, 2010. "Macro Prudential Supervision in the Open Economy, and the Role of Central Banks in Emerging Markets," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 465-482, July.
    11. Guillermo Calvo, 2015. "The Liquidity Approach to Bubbles, Crises, Jobless Recoveries, and Involuntary Unemployment," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Ricardo J. Caballero & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (ed.),Economic Policies in Emerging-Market Economies Festschrift in Honor of Vittorio Corbo, edition 1, volume 21, chapter 6, pages 079-108, Central Bank of Chile.
    12. Mr. Mark R. Stone & Mr. Etienne B Yehoue & Kotaro Ishi, 2009. "Unconventional Central Bank Measures for Emerging Economies," IMF Working Papers 2009/226, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Mr. Mark R. Stone & W. Christopher Walker & Yosuke Yasui, 2009. "From Lombard Street to Avenida Paulista: Foreign Exchange Liquidity Easing in Brazil in Response to the Global Shock of 2008–09," IMF Working Papers 2009/259, International Monetary Fund.
    14. Guillermo A. Calvo, 2007. "Interest Rate Rules, Inflation Stabilization, and Imperfect Credibility: The Small Open Economy Case," NBER Working Papers 13177, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Julio E. Romero Prieto, 2018. "La maternidad y el empleo formal en Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 16328, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    16. Guillermo A. Calvo, 2012. "The Price Theory of Money, Prospero's Liquidity Trap, and Sudden Stop: Back to Basics and Back," NBER Working Papers 18285, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Rosangela Bando, 2019. "Evidence-based gender equality policy and pay in Latin America and the Caribbean: progress and challenges," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 28(1), pages 1-23, December.
    18. Anna Shostya, 2014. "The Effect of the Global Financial Crisis on Transition Economies," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 42(3), pages 317-332, September.
    19. Aizenman, Joshua, 2010. "Macro prudential supervision in the open economy, and the role of central banks in Emerging Markets," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt97j5w7qk, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
    20. Mr. Bas B. Bakker & Mr. Leslie Lipschitz, 2014. "Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises," IMF Working Papers 2014/160, International Monetary Fund.
    21. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2020. "The path to gender equality in Colombia: Are we there yet?," Borradores de Economia 1131, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    22. Stjepan Zdunic, 2011. "From the impossible monetary trinity towards economic depression," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics and Business, vol. 29(2), pages 395-422.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Maternity leave; women’s labor market; labor regulation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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