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El efecto de la maternidad sobre los salarios femeninos

Author

Listed:
  • Liliana Olarte

    ()

  • Ximena Peña

    ()

Abstract

El presente trabajo analiza el efecto del número y de la estructura de edades de los hijos sobre los salarios de las mujeres en Colombia. Las madres ganan en promedio 17.6% menos que las no madres. Como no todas las mujeres participan en el mercado laboral,existen potenciales problemas de selección que son corregidos. Los resultados empíricos confirman la existencia de una penalización salarial sustancial por maternidad. Se estima que luego de controlar por variables observables y sesgo de selección, aún persiste una brecha salarial de 9.4% entre madres y no madres; la brecha salarial es más alta cuando los hijos tienen menos de 5 años de edad, 18.4%. Este diferencial salarial se debe en parte a que las madres son empleadas con mayor probabilidad en trabajos de peor calidad que las no madres, donde no se contribuye a salud ni a pensión, y a que ser madre está relacionado con mayores responsabilidades domésticas al interior del hogar.

Suggested Citation

  • Liliana Olarte & Ximena Peña, 2010. "El efecto de la maternidad sobre los salarios femeninos," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007235, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:007235
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2010-18.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Natalia Ramírez Bustamante & Ana Maria Tribin Uribe & Carmiña O. Vargas, 2015. "Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 012610, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. Natalia Ramírez Bustamante & Ana Maria Tribin Uribe & Carmiña O. Vargas, 2015. "Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 012610, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    maternidad; brecha salarial; sesgo de selección; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models

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