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Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Natalia Ramírez Bustamante
  • Ana Maria Tribin Uribe

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

  • Carmiña O. Vargas

    (Banco de la República de Colombia)

Abstract

Our research seeks to determine the impact on female labor outcomes of the amendment on the Colombian labor law in which maternity leave was extended from 12 to 14 weeks (through Law 1468 of July 2011). To identify this impact we compare labor market outcomes of two groups of women with differences in their fertility rates. We find evidence that as a result of the extension of the maternity leave period, women in the high-fertility age group have experienced an increase in inactivity rates, informality, and self-employment. We argue that a redesign of maternity protection policy is due, one through which the economic and social costs of bearing children are shared by both parents and which may generate social change regarding the importance of paternal care.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Ramírez Bustamante & Ana Maria Tribin Uribe & Carmiña O. Vargas, 2015. "Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 870, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:870
    DOI: 10.32468/be.870
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    Cited by:

    1. Aizenman, Joshua & Ito, Hiro, 2012. "Trilemma policy convergence patterns and output volatility," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 269-285.
    2. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2020. "The path to gender equality in Colombia: Are we there yet?," Borradores de Economia 1131, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Davide Furceri & Aleksandra Zdzienicka, 2010. "Banking Crises and Short and Medium Term Output Losses in Developing Countries: The Role of Structural and Policy Variables," Working Papers 1014, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
    4. Aizenman, Joshua & Cheung, Yin-Wong & Ito, Hiro, 2015. "International reserves before and after the global crisis: Is there no end to hoarding?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 102-126.
    5. Roberto Chang, 2008. "Inflation Targeting, Reserves Accumulation, and Exchange Rate Management in Latin America," Borradores de Economia 487, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Joshua Aizenman, 2010. "Macro Prudential Supervision in the Open Economy, and the Role of Central Banks in Emerging Markets," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 465-482, July.
    7. Javier García-Cicco, 2008. "Recent Developments in Monetary Policy Analysis for Emerging Countries," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(51), pages 123-142, April - S.
    8. Guillermo Calvo, 2015. "The Liquidity Approach to Bubbles, Crises, Jobless Recoveries, and Involuntary Unemployment," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 18(3), pages 04-27, December.
    9. Anna Shostya, 2014. "The Effect of the Global Financial Crisis on Transition Economies," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 42(3), pages 317-332, September.
    10. Julio E. Romero Prieto, 2018. "La maternidad y el empleo formal en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 268, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    11. Rosangela Bando & Samuel Berlinski & José Martinez Carrasco, 2019. "Progress and Challenges for an Evidence-Based Gender Equality Policy: a Focus in Latin America and the Caribbean," Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy, Springer, vol. 2(4), pages 187-201, December.
    12. Mr. Etienne B Yehoue & Kotaro Ishi & Mr. Mark R. Stone, 2009. "Unconventional Central Bank Measures for Emerging Economies," IMF Working Papers 2009/226, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Stjepan Zdunic, 2011. "From the impossible monetary trinity towards economic depression," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics and Business, vol. 29(2), pages 395-422.
    14. W. Christopher Walker & Yosuke Yasui & Mr. Mark R. Stone, 2009. "From Lombard Street to Avenida Paulista: Foreign Exchange Liquidity Easing in Brazil in Response to the Global Shock of 2008–09," IMF Working Papers 2009/259, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Guillermo A. Calvo, 2012. "The Price Theory of Money, Prospero's Liquidity Trap, and Sudden Stop: Back to Basics and Back," NBER Working Papers 18285, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Kotaro Ishi & Mr. Kenji Fujita & Mr. Mark R. Stone, 2011. "Should Unconventional Balance Sheet Policies Be Added to the Central Bank toolkit? a Review of the Experience so Far," IMF Working Papers 2011/145, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Castellani, Francesca & Lora-Torres, Eduardo (ed.), 2016. "Desempleo femenino en Colombia," Books, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, number 2016a-12, July.
    18. Guillermo A. Calvo, 2007. "Interest Rate Rules, Inflation Stabilization, and Imperfect Credibility: The Small Open Economy Case," NBER Working Papers 13177, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Mr. Bas B. Bakker & Mr. Leslie Lipschitz, 2014. "Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises," IMF Working Papers 2014/160, International Monetary Fund.
    20. Frederic S. Mishkin, 2007. "Comment on "Monetary Rules in Emerging Economies with Financial Market Imperfections"," NBER Chapters, in: International Dimensions of Monetary Policy, pages 311-317, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    21. Héctor Alberto Botello-Peñaloza & Isaac Guerrero-Rincón, 2019. "Las leyes de licencia de maternidad y el mercado laboral en Colombia," Revista Economía y Región, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, vol. 13(1), pages 67-86, June.
    22. Rosangela Bando, 2019. "Evidence-based gender equality policy and pay in Latin America and the Caribbean: progress and challenges," Latin American Economic Review, Springer;Centro de Investigaciòn y Docencia Económica (CIDE), vol. 28(1), pages 1-23, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    maternity leave; women’s labor market; labor regulation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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