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Demand For Child Care And Female Employment In Colombia

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  • Ximena Pena-Parga

    ()

  • Amanda Glassman

Abstract

Due to the increase in labor force attachment of mothers of young children in the last decade, child care policies have a renewed importance. This paper uses Colombian data to perform a characterization of the child care market, generating stylized facts to inform the debate. The main trends are: highly informal market, high participation and employment rates of mothers of young children, relatively little unmet need" for child care services and the poor facing constraints to access the market for child care, both in quantity and price. This study analyzes how Colombian families make their child care decisions, simultaneously choosing whether the mother works, whether to pay for care and what mode to use. The estimations performed suggest that there is a strong positive effect of child care choice on the mother´s working decision, and that this effect is much higher for low-income families. As children grow the availability of formal care modes becomes determinant to enable the mother´s labor force attachment."

Suggested Citation

  • Ximena Pena-Parga & Amanda Glassman, 2004. "Demand For Child Care And Female Employment In Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002267, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002267
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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/d2004-43.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Patricia M. Anderson & Philip B. Levine, 1999. "Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions," NBER Working Papers 7058, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins & Irwin Garfinkel, 1992. "A Structural Model of Labor Supply and Child Care Demand," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 166-203.
    3. David M. Blau & Alison P. Hagy, 1998. "The Demand for Quality in Child Care," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(1), pages 104-146, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Natalia Ramírez Bustamante & Ana Maria Tribin Uribe & Carmiña O. Vargas, 2015. "Maternity and Labor Markets: Impact of Legislation in Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 012610, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    2. World Bank, 2009. "Gender in Bolivian Production : Reducing Differences in Formality and Productivity of Firms," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2669.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Child care;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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