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Choix d’activité des mères vivant en couple et recours aux services de garde d’enfants

Listed author(s):
  • Olivier Guillot
Registered author(s):

    [eng] Married Mothers ’ Decisions to Work and Use Child Care Services The aim of this article is to analyse in tandem the choice of mothers with young children to work and their decision to use child care services , the focus being on the impact of the cost of care . First , a multinomial logit model is used to contrast the following three situations : (1 ) non-work , (2 ) work and intra-household or unpaid child care , (3 ) work and paid child care . The distinction between part-time and full-time work is then introduced . The data are taken from a French local survey of couples with preschool children . The study shows that the cost of care has a negative effect on the probability that mothers will work , whether full-time or part-time , and use paid care . Key-words : female labour market participation , part-time work , child care , hourly cost of child care [fre] L ’ objet de cet article est d ’ analyser conjointement le choix d ’ activité des mères de jeunes enfants et la décision de recourir aux services de garde , l ’ accent étant mis sur le rôle du coût de la garde . Un premier modèle Logit polytomique est utilisé pour opposer les trois situations suivantes : (1 ) inactivité , (2 ) emploi et garde intra-ménage ou non rémunérée , (3 ) emploi et garde rémunérée . Puis la distinction entre temps partiel et temps complet est introduite . Les données proviennent d ’ une enquête auprès d ’ un échantillon de couples meurthe-et-mosellans avec enfant (s ) non scolarisé (s ). D ’ après les résultats des estimations , le coût de la garde a un impact négatif sur la probabilité pour les mères de travailler , à temps complet ou non , et de recourir à une garde rémunérée . Mots-clés : activité féminine , travail à temps partiel , garde des jeunes enfants , coût horaire de la garde

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.2004.6933
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/ecop_0249-4744_2004_num_162_1_6933
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 162 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 51-69

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2004_num_162_1_6933
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2004.6933
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/ecop

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    1. V. Joseph Hotz & M. Rebecca Kilburn, "undated". "Regulating Child Care: The Effects of State Regulations on Child Care Demand and Its Cost," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 94-10, Chicago - Population Research Center.
    2. Patricia M. Anderson & Philip B. Levine, 1999. "Child Care and Mothers' Employment Decisions," NBER Working Papers 7058, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Rachel Connelley & Jean Kimmel, 1999. "Marital Status and Full-time/Part-time Work Status in Child Care Choices: Changing the Rules of the Game," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 99-58, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    4. Ribar, David C, 1995. "A Structural Model of Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(3), pages 558-597, July.
    5. Arleen Leibowitz & Linda Waite & Christina Witsberger, 1988. "Child care for preschoolers: Differences by child’s age," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 25(2), pages 205-220, May.
    6. Blau, David M & Robins, Philip K, 1988. "Child-Care Costs and Family Labor Supply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 374-381, August.
    7. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    8. Lisa Powell, 1998. "Part-time versus full-time work and child care costs: evidence for married mothers," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 503-511.
    9. Olivier Guillot, 2002. "Une analyse du recours aux services de garde d'enfants," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 352(1), pages 213-230.
    10. Robins, Philip K & Spiegelman, Robert G, 1978. "An Econometric Model of the Demand for Child Care," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 83-94, January.
    11. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins, 2000. "Employment and child-care choices in Canada and the United States," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 435-470, May.
    12. David C. Ribar, 1992. "Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women: Reduced Form Evidence," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 134-165.
    13. Anne Flipo & Lucile Olier, 1998. "Faut-il subventionner les services à domicile ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 316(1), pages 3-19.
    14. Connelly, Rachel, 1992. "The Effect of Child Care Costs on Married Women's Labor Force Participation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 83-90, February.
    15. Cécile Bourreau-Dubois & Olivier Guillot & Éliane Jankeliowitch-Laval, 2001. "Le travail à temps partiel féminin et ses déterminants," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 41-61.
    16. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins & Irwin Garfinkel, 1992. "A Structural Model of Labor Supply and Child Care Demand," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 166-203.
    17. David Blau & Erdal Tekin, 2001. "The Determinants and Consequences of Child Care Subsidy Receipt by Low-Income Families," JCPR Working Papers 213, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    18. Jean Kimmel, 1998. "Child Care Costs As A Barrier To Employment For Single And Married Mothers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(2), pages 287-299, May.
    19. Thomas Piketty, 1998. "L'impact des incitations financières au travail sur les comportements individuels : une estimation pour le cas français," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 132(1), pages 1-35.
    20. Olivier Guillot, 1996. "Activité féminine et garde des jeunes enfants : une analyse micro-économétrique," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 122(1), pages 83-94.
    21. Gordon Cleveland & Morley Gunderson & Douglas Hyatt, 1996. "Child Care Costs and the Employment Decision of Women: Canadian Evidence," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(1), pages 132-151, February.
    22. David M. Blau & Alison P. Hagy, 1998. "The Demand for Quality in Child Care," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(1), pages 104-146, February.
    23. Klerman, Jacob Alex & Leibowitz, Arleen, 1990. "Child Care and Women's Return to Work after Childbirth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 284-288, May.
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