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Activité féminine et garde des jeunes enfants : une analyse micro-économétrique

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  • Olivier Guillot

Abstract

[fre] Activité féminine et garde des jeunes enfants : une analyse micro-économétrique . par Olivier Guillot . Dans cet article, le choix d'activité des femmes ayant déjeunes enfants à charge et la décision de celles-ci de recourir à un de garde sont conjointement analysés à l'aide d'un modèle Logit polytomique. Le coût de la garde est explicitement pris en un coût horaire potentiel est estimé pour chaque mère de famille à partir d'une équation de coût. Menée à partir des données vague 1986 de l'Enquête socio-économique auprès des ménages lorrains, cette analyse micro-économétrique montre que le de la garde a un effet négatif sur la probabilité d'activité et de recours à la garde. [eng] Female Labour Market Participation and Child Care: a Microeconometric Analysis . by Olivier Guillot . In this paper, the decisions of women with young children to participate in the labour market and employ extra-household care are jointly analyzed using a multinomial Logit model. The cost of child care is explicitly included in the model: a hourly cost is estimated for each mother using a cost equation. This microeconometric study uses data from the 1986 wave of Lorraine household panel to show that the cost of child care has a negative effect on the probability of labour participation and employment of extra-household child care.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Guillot, 1996. "Activité féminine et garde des jeunes enfants : une analyse micro-économétrique," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 122(1), pages 83-94.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_122_1_5779
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1996.5779
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Blau, David M & Robins, Philip K, 1988. "Child-Care Costs and Family Labor Supply," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(3), pages 374-381, August.
    2. James J. Heckman, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," NBER Chapters,in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 136-169 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
    4. Riboud, Michelle, 1985. "An Analysis of Women's Labor Force Participation in France: Cross-Section Estimates and Time-Series Evidence," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages 177-200, January.
    5. David C. Ribar, 1992. "Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women: Reduced Form Evidence," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 134-165.
    6. Berger, Mark C & Black, Dan A, 1992. "Child Care Subsidies, Quality of Care, and the Labor Supply of Low-Income, Single Mothers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(4), pages 635-642, November.
    7. Ross Stolzenberg & Linda Waite, 1984. "Local labor markets, children and labor force participation of wives," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 21(2), pages 157-170, May.
    8. Siv Gustafsson & Frank Stafford, 1992. "Child Care Subsidies and Labor Supply in Sweden," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 204-230.
    9. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
    10. Sandra L. Hofferth & Douglas A. Wissoker, 1992. "Price, Quality, and Income in Child Care Choice," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 70-111.
    11. Klerman, Jacob Alex & Leibowitz, Arleen, 1990. "Child Care and Women's Return to Work after Childbirth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 284-288, May.
    12. Blundell, Richard & Ham, John & Meghir, Costas, 1987. "Unemployment and Female Labour Supply," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(388a), pages 44-64, Supplemen.
    13. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    14. Robins, Philip K & Spiegelman, Robert G, 1978. "An Econometric Model of the Demand for Child Care," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 83-94, January.
    15. Connelly, Rachel, 1992. "The Effect of Child Care Costs on Married Women's Labor Force Participation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 83-90, February.
    16. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins & Irwin Garfinkel, 1992. "A Structural Model of Labor Supply and Child Care Demand," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 166-203.
    17. Richard Blundell & François Laisney, 1988. "A Labour Supply Model for Married Women in France, Taxation, Hours Constraints and Job Seekers," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 11, pages 41-71.
    18. repec:adr:anecst:y:1988:i:11:p:03 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Dominique Ansieau & Pascale Breuil-Genier & Jean-Michel Hourriez, 2001. "Le Panel européen : une source statistique longitudinale sur les revenus et les conditions de vie des ménages," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 349(1), pages 3-15.
    2. Olivier Guillot, 2004. "Choix d’activité des mères vivant en couple et recours aux services de garde d’enfants," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 162(1), pages 51-69.
    3. Olivier Guillot, 2002. "Une analyse du recours aux services de garde d'enfants," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 352(1), pages 213-230.

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