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The Transition from Welfare to Work

Author

Listed:
  • Robert J. Lemke

    (Lake Forest College)

  • Robert J. Witt

    (University of Surrey)

  • Ann Dryden Witte

    (Wellesley College and NBER)

Abstract

We consider the effects the child care market, child care vouchers, early childhood education programs, and welfare reforms have on welfare recipients in their transition from welfare to work. Specifically, we are interested in determining which factors encourage single mothers to move directly from welfare to work and which factors encourage the pursuit of additional schooling or job retraining before entering the labor market. Using Massachusetts data from July 1996 through August 1997, we find that the availability, quality, and cost of formal child care are all positively related to transiting directly from welfare to work. We also find that single mothers with older children are more likely to pursue a job and forego additional schooling, while single mothers with infants are more likely to advance their education before seeking employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert J. Lemke & Robert J. Witt & Ann Dryden Witte, 2004. "The Transition from Welfare to Work," School of Economics Discussion Papers 0504, School of Economics, University of Surrey.
  • Handle: RePEc:sur:surrec:0504
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    File URL: https://repec.som.surrey.ac.uk/2004/DP05-04.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    17. Pamela Loprest & Stefanie Schmidt & Ann Dryden Witte, 2000. "Welfare Reform under PRWORA: Aid to Children with Working Families?," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 14, pages 157-203 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Herbst, Chris M., 2008. "Who are the eligible non-recipients of child care subsidies?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 30(9), pages 1037-1054, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Welfare Reform; Child Care; Vouchers; Time Limits; Labor Supply;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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