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Maternity leave and the employment of new mothers in the United States

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  • Lawrence M. Berger

    ()

  • Jane Waldfogel

    ()

Abstract

We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationships between maternity leave coverage and U.S. women’s post-birth leave taking and employment decisions from 1988 to 1996. We find that women who were employed before birth are working much more quickly post-birth than women who were not. We also find that, among mothers who were employed pre-birth, those in jobs that provided leave coverage are more likely to take a leave of up to 12 weeks, but return more quickly after 12 weeks. Our results suggest that maternity leave coverage is related to leave taking, as well as the length of time that a new mother stays home after a birth. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2004

Suggested Citation

  • Lawrence M. Berger & Jane Waldfogel, 2004. "Maternity leave and the employment of new mothers in the United States," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 17(2), pages 331-349, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:17:y:2004:i:2:p:331-349
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-003-0159-9
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Maternity leave; women’s employment; I3; J00;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General

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