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La importancia de los programas para la primera infancia en Colombia

  • Raquel Bernal

    ()

  • Adriana Camacho

    ()

Este documento presenta evidencia acerca de la importancia de los programas del ICBF destinados a la Primera Infancia (PI), en términos de su alcance, cobertura, beneficios y pertinencia. A la luz de la literatura internacional, se discute la importancia de los programas de PI, la evidencia sobre los impactos de corto y largo plazo, las características de programas exitosos de PI, y las razones por las cuales los retornos a inversiones en capital humano durante la PI son más altos que otras inversiones similares a lo largo del ciclo de vida. Así mismo, se compara el diseño y cobertura de programas de PI en Colombia con programas similares en países en Latinoamérica. Se evalúa a nivel descriptivo la relación existente entre la cobertura de programas del ICBF a nivel municipal e indicadores de bienestar de la comunidad. Por otra parte, se presenta un análisis de la rentabilidad de los programas de PI en Colombia y una comparación de dichos programas con otras inversiones en capital humano en edades posteriores. Para establecer la importancia y relevancia de los programas de PI administrados por el ICBF se presentan algunas simulaciones de los costos en que incurriría el país si no se atendieran los niños que en la actualidad son beneficiarios de estos programas. Como ejercicios complementarios, se presentan también el análisis costo-beneficio del programa Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar con base en la evaluación de impacto llevada a cabo por la Universidad de los Andes y Profamilia, y la evaluación de los programas del ICBF sobre variables de estado nutricional con base en la base de seguimiento nutricional METRIX.

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File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/dcede2010-20.pdf
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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 007605.

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Length: 113
Date of creation: 04 Jul 2010
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Handle: RePEc:col:000089:007605
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  11. James J. Heckman & Jora Stixrud & Sergio Urzua, 2006. "The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(3), pages 411-482, July.
  12. Bernal, Raquel & Keane, Michael P., 2010. "Quasi-structural estimation of a model of childcare choices and child cognitive ability production," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 156(1), pages 164-189, May.
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