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La importancia de los programas para la primera infancia en Colombia


  • Raquel Bernal


  • Adriana Camacho



Este documento presenta evidencia acerca de la importancia de los programas del ICBF destinados a la Primera Infancia (PI), en términos de su alcance, cobertura, beneficios y pertinencia. A la luz de la literatura internacional, se discute la importancia de los programas de PI, la evidencia sobre los impactos de corto y largo plazo, las características de programas exitosos de PI, y las razones por las cuales los retornos a inversiones en capital humano durante la PI son más altos que otras inversiones similares a lo largo del ciclo de vida. Así mismo, se compara el diseño y cobertura de programas de PI en Colombia con programas similares en países en Latinoamérica. Se evalúa a nivel descriptivo la relación existente entre la cobertura de programas del ICBF a nivel municipal e indicadores de bienestar de la comunidad. Por otra parte, se presenta un análisis de la rentabilidad de los programas de PI en Colombia y una comparación de dichos programas con otras inversiones en capital humano en edades posteriores. Para establecer la importancia y relevancia de los programas de PI administrados por el ICBF se presentan algunas simulaciones de los costos en que incurriría el país si no se atendieran los niños que en la actualidad son beneficiarios de estos programas. Como ejercicios complementarios, se presentan también el análisis costo-beneficio del programa Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar con base en la evaluación de impacto llevada a cabo por la Universidad de los Andes y Profamilia, y la evaluación de los programas del ICBF sobre variables de estado nutricional con base en la base de seguimiento nutricional METRIX.

Suggested Citation

  • Raquel Bernal & Adriana Camacho, 2010. "La importancia de los programas para la primera infancia en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007605, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000089:007605

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bernal, Raquel & Fernández, Camila, 2013. "Subsidized childcare and child development in Colombia: Effects of Hogares Comunitarios de Bienestar as a function of timing and length of exposure," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 241-249.

    More about this item


    Primera Infancia; cuidado infantil; desarrollo cognitivo; nutrición;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I29 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Other
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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