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Competition Between and Within Universities: Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Group Identity and the Desire to Win

Author

Listed:
  • Zhuoqiong Chen

    (London School of Economics)

  • David Ong

    (Peking University)

  • Roman Sheremeta

    () (Case Western Reserve University)

Abstract

We study how salient group identity, created through competition between students from different universities, as well as differences in the value of winning impact competitive behavior. Our experiment employs a simple all-pay auction within and between two university subject pools. We find that when competing against their peers, students within the lower tier university bid more aggressively than students within the top-tier university. Also, students from the lower tier university, in particular women, bid more aggressively when competing against students from the top-tier university. These findings, interpreted through a theoretical model incorporating both group identity and differential value of winning, suggest that students at the lower tier university have a stronger group identity as well as higher desire to win.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhuoqiong Chen & David Ong & Roman Sheremeta, 2015. "Competition Between and Within Universities: Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Group Identity and the Desire to Win," Working Papers 15-16, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:chu:wpaper:15-16
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Zhuoqiong (Charlie) & Ong, David & Sheremeta, Roman M., 2015. "The gender difference in the value of winning," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 226-229.
    2. repec:eee:jeborg:v:142:y:2017:i:c:p:32-46 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    experiments; all-pay auction; competitiveness; group identity;

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Microeconomics: Underlying Principles
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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