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Competition Between and Within Universities: Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Group Identity and the Desire to Win

Listed author(s):
  • Chen, Zhuoqiong
  • Ong, David
  • Sheremeta, Roman

We study how salient group identity, created through competition between students from different universities, as well as differences in the value of winning impact competitive behavior. Our experiment employs a simple all-pay auction within and between two university subject pools. We find that when competing against their peers, students within the lower tier university bid more aggressively than students within the top-tier university. Also, students from the lower tier university, in particular women, bid more aggressively when competing against students from the top-tier university. These findings, interpreted through a theoretical model incorporating both group identity and differential value of winning, suggest that students at the lower tier university have a stronger group identity as well as higher desire to win.

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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/67522/1/MPRA_paper_67522.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 67522.

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Date of creation: 21 Oct 2015
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:67522
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