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Immigration, Housing Discrimination and Employment

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  • Tito Boeri
  • Marta De Philippis
  • Eleonora Patacchini
  • Michele Pellizzari

Abstract

We use a new data set on Italy and a novel identification strategy to analyse the relationship between migrants’ employment status and the percentage of non†Italians living nearby. Our data contain information at the very local level and are representative of both legal and illegal migrants. Identification exploits the physical characteristics of local buildings as a source of exogenous variation in the incidence of migrants. We find that migrants residing in more immigrant†dense areas are less likely to be employed. This penalty is higher if the migrants leaving nearby are illegal and it is not mitigated if they are from own ethnic group or more proficient in Italian.

Suggested Citation

  • Tito Boeri & Marta De Philippis & Eleonora Patacchini & Michele Pellizzari, 2015. "Immigration, Housing Discrimination and Employment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 125(586), pages 82-114, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:econjl:v:125:y:2015:i:586:p:f82-f114
    DOI: 10.1111/ecoj.12232
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    Cited by:

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    4. Alex Bryson & Giambattista Rossi & Rob Simmons, 2012. "Why Are Migrants Paid More?," CEP Discussion Papers dp1134, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    5. Eve Caroli & Mathilde Godard, 2016. "Does job insecurity deteriorate health?," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(2), pages 131-147, February.
    6. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2012. "Ethnic networks and employment outcomes," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 938-949.
    7. Christian Dustmann & Francesco Fasani & Biagio Speciale, 2017. "Illegal Migration and Consumption Behavior of Immigrant Households," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 15(3), pages 654-691.
    8. Marianna BATTAGLIA & Bastien CHABÉ-FERRET & Lara LEBEDINSKI, 2021. "Segregation, fertility, and son preference: the case of the Roma in Serbia," JODE - Journal of Demographic Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 87(2), pages 233-260, June.
    9. Bonin, Holger & Rinne, Ulf, 2017. "Machbarkeitsstudie zur Durchführung einer Evaluation der arbeitsmarktpolitischen Integrationsmaßnahmen für Flüchtlinge," IZA Research Reports 76, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Picard, Pierre M. & Zenou, Yves, 2015. "Urban Spatial Structure, Employment and Social Ties: European versus American Cities," IZA Discussion Papers 9166, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    11. Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús & Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada & Saiz, Albert, 2019. "Immigrant locations and native residential preferences: Emerging ghettos or new communities?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 133-151.
    12. Accetturo, Antonio & Manaresi, Francesco & Mocetti, Sauro & Olivieri, Elisabetta, 2014. "Don't stand so close to me: The urban impact of immigration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 45-56.
    13. Simone Schüller, 2016. "Ethnic enclaves and immigrant economic integration," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 287-287, August.
    14. Miquel‐Àngel Garcia–Lopez & Rosella Nicolini & José Luis Roig, 2020. "Segregation and urban spatial structure in Barcelona," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 749-772, June.
    15. Jordi Jofre-Monseny & Pilar Sorribas-Navarro & Javier Vázquez-Grenno, 2016. "Immigration and local spending in social services: evidence from a massive immigration wave," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 23(6), pages 1004-1029, December.
    16. Bove, Vincenzo & Elia, Leandro & Ferraresi, Massimiliano, 2019. "Immigration, fear of crime and public spending on security," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 434, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
    17. Neli Demireva, 2019. "Receiving Country Investments and Acquisitions: How Migrants Negotiate the Adaptation to Their Destination," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 7(4), pages 18-27.
    18. Załęczna Magdalena, 2019. "Dwellings for Vulnerable Households-Policy and Practice in the Largest Cities of Poland," Real Estate Management and Valuation, Sciendo, vol. 27(3), pages 5-16, September.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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