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How Important Is Access to Jobs? Old Question – Improved Answer

  • Aslund, Olof



  • Östh, John


    (Uppsala University)

  • Zenou, Yves


    (Stockholm University)

We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to get exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990-91 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990-91 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2051.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Economic Geography, 2010, 10(3), 389-422
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2051
Contact details of provider: Postal: IZA, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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  6. Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves, 2003. "Mismatch, Transport Mode and Search Decisions in England," CEPR Discussion Papers 3968, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Harry J. Holzer & John M. Quigley & Steven Raphael, 2003. "Public transit and the spatial distribution of minority employment: Evidence from a natural experiment," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(3), pages 415-441.
  8. Edin, Per-Anders & Fredriksson, Peter & Åslund, Olof, 2000. "Settlement Policies and the Economic Success of Immigrants," Working Paper Series 2000:22, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
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