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How important is access to jobs? Old question - improved answer

Listed author(s):
  • Åslund, Olof

    ()

    (IFAU - Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation)

  • Östh, John

    ()

    (Uppsala University)

  • Zenou, Yves

    ()

    (IUI, The Research Institute of Industrial Economics)

We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to get exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990–91 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990–91 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.

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Paper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2006:1.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 14 Feb 2006
Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2006_001
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IFAU, P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

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  37. Pieter A. Gautier & Yves Zenou, 2008. "Car ownership and the Labor Market of Ethnic Minorities," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 08-106/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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  42. Zenou, Yves & Boccard, Nicolas, 2000. "Racial Discrimination and Redlining in Cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 260-285, September.
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