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Residential segregation and unemplyment : the case of Brussels


  • DUJARDIN Claire
  • SELOD Harris
  • THOMAS Isabelle



This paper investigates the causal effects of the spatial organization of Brussels on unemployment propensities. Using Census data at the individual level, we estimate the unemployment probability of young adults while taking into account personal, household and neighbourhood characteristics. We solve the endogeneity of residential locations by restricting our sample to young adults residing with their parents, and evaluate the potential remaining bias by conducting a sensitivity analysis. Our results suggest that residing in a deprived neighbourhood significantly increases a youngster probability of being unemployed, a result which is quite robust to the presence of both observed and unobserved parental covariates.

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  • DUJARDIN Claire & SELOD Harris & THOMAS Isabelle, 2007. "Residential segregation and unemplyment : the case of Brussels," Research Unit Working Papers 0704, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0704

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Aico van Vuuren, 2015. "On-the-Job Search and City Structure," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-016/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2014. "Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(6), pages 1322-1338, May.
    3. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2010. "Housing ownership, social housing and unemployment: an econometric analysis of the Paris area," Working Papers halshs-00809693, HAL.
    4. Olof Åslund & John Östh & Yves Zenou, 2010. "How important is access to jobs? Old question--improved answer," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(3), pages 389-422, May.
    5. Neumark, David & Simpson, Helen, 2015. "Place-Based Policies," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    6. Matthieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-22, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    7. Harris Selod & Laurent Gobillon, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
    8. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "“Job Accessibility, Employment and Job-Education Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona”," AQR Working Papers 201411, University of Barcelona, Regional Quantitative Analysis Group, revised May 2014.
    9. Yannick L'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loïc Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
    10. Détang-Dessendre, Cécile & Gaigné, Carl, 2009. "Unemployment duration, city size, and the tightness of the labor market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 266-276, May.
    11. Ivan Muñiz Olivera & Carolina Rojas & Carles Busuldu & Alejandro García & Mariana Filipe, 2016. "El impacto de la forma y estructura espacial urbana sobre las emisiones de CO2 en Concepción (Chile). ¿Es compatible una baja densidad residencial con un bajo nivel de emisiones?," Working Papers wpdea1605, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    12. Salvati, Luca & Sateriano, Adele & Grigoriadis, Efstathios & Carlucci, Margherita, 2017. "New wine in old bottles: The (changing) socioeconomic attributes of sprawl during building boom and stagnation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 361-372.
    13. repec:eee:trapol:v:60:y:2017:i:c:p:1-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Vincent Boitier, 2014. "Unemployment Dispersion and City Configurations: Beyond the Bid Rent Theory," Working Papers hal-00999559, HAL.

    More about this item


    neighbourhood effects; residential segregation; unemployment; endogeneity bias; sensitivity analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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