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Residential segregation and unemployment : the case of Brussels

Author

Listed:
  • Claire Dujardin
  • Harris Selod
  • Isabelle Thomas

Abstract

This paper investigates the causal effects of the spatial organization of Brussels on unemployment propensities. Using 1991 Census data, we estimate the unemployment probability of young adults while taking into account personal, household and neighborhood characteristics. We solve the endogeneity of residential locations by restricting our sample to young adults residing with their parents, and evaluate the potential remaining bias by conducting a sensitivity analysis. Our results suggest that the neighborhood of residence significantly increases a youngster probability of being unemployed, a result which is quite robust to the presence of both observed and unobserved parental covariates.

Suggested Citation

  • Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2005. "Residential segregation and unemployment : the case of Brussels," Research Unit Working Papers 0511, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0511
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    Cited by:

    1. Aico van Vuuren, 2015. "On-the-Job Search and City Structure," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-016/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    2. Emmanuel Duguet & Yannick l'Horty & Florent Sari, 2010. "Housing ownership, social housing and unemployment: an econometric analysis of the Paris area," Working Papers halshs-00809693, HAL.
    3. Olof Åslund & John Östh & Yves Zenou, 2010. "How important is access to jobs? Old question--improved answer," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(3), pages 389-422, May.
    4. Neumark, David & Simpson, Helen, 2015. "Place-Based Policies," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: Gilles Duranton & J. V. Henderson & William C. Strange (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 0, pages 1197-1287, Elsevier.
    5. GOBILLON Laurent & SELOD Harris, 2007. "The effects of segregation and spatial mismatch on unemployment: evidence from France," Research Unit Working Papers 0702, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
    6. Mathieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2014. "Key Issues in Local Job Accessibility Measurement: Different Models Mean Different Results," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(6), pages 1322-1338, May.
    7. Rafael Costa & Helga A. G. Valk, 2018. "Ethnic and Socioeconomic Segregation in Belgium: A Multiscalar Approach Using Individualised Neighbourhoods," European Journal of Population, Springer;European Association for Population Studies, vol. 34(2), pages 225-250, May.
    8. Matthieu Bunel & Elisabeth Tovar, 2012. "Local Job Accessibility Measurement: When the Model Makes the Results. Methodological Contribution and Empirical Benchmarking on the Paris Region," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-22, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    9. Luca Salvati, 2014. "Towards a Polycentric Region? The Socio-economic Trajectory of Rome, an ‘Eternally Mediterranean’ City," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 105(3), pages 268-284, July.
    10. Linares Sanchez, Jose, 2020. "Employment Agglomerations and Spatial Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Bogota," MPRA Paper 106699, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Muñiz, Ivan & Sánchez, Vania, 2018. "Urban Spatial Form and Structure and Greenhouse-gas Emissions From Commuting in the Metropolitan Zone of Mexico Valley," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 147(C), pages 353-364.
    12. Harris Selod & Laurent Gobillon, 2007. "Les déterminants locaux du chômage en région parisienne," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 180(4), pages 19-38.
    13. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "“Job Accessibility, Employment and Job-Education Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona”," IREA Working Papers 201419, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised May 2014.
    14. Yannick l'Horty & Emmanuel Duguet & Loic Du Parquet & Pascale Petit & Florent Sari, 2011. "The effect of place of residence on access to employment : a field experiment on qualified young job applicants in Ile-de-France," Working Papers halshs-00812113, HAL.
    15. Détang-Dessendre, Cécile & Gaigné, Carl, 2009. "Unemployment duration, city size, and the tightness of the labor market," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 266-276, May.
    16. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2017. "Job accessibility and job-education mismatch in the metropolitan area of Barcelona," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96, pages 91-112, March.
    17. Ivan Muñiz Olivera & Carolina Rojas & Carles Busuldu & Alejandro García & Mariana Filipe, 2016. "El impacto de la forma y estructura espacial urbana sobre las emisiones de CO2 en Concepción (Chile). ¿Es compatible una baja densidad residencial con un bajo nivel de emisiones?," Working Papers wpdea1605, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
    18. Thierry Kamionka & Xavier VU NGOC, 2015. "Trajectoire des jeunes sur le marché du travail, quartier d’origine et diplôme : une modélisation dynamique," Working Papers 2015-01, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    19. Alivon, Fanny & Guillain, Rachel, 2018. "Urban segregation and unemployment: A case study of the urban area of Marseille – Aix-en-Provence (France)," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 143-155.
    20. Sha, Feng & Li, Bingyu & Guo, Yingqi & Law, Yik Wa & Yip, Paul S.F. & Zhang, Yi, 2020. "Effects of the Transport Support Scheme on employment and commuting patterns among public rental housing residents in Hong Kong," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 10-18.
    21. Salvati, Luca & Sateriano, Adele & Grigoriadis, Efstathios & Carlucci, Margherita, 2017. "New wine in old bottles: The (changing) socioeconomic attributes of sprawl during building boom and stagnation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 361-372.
    22. Francesca Mariani & Ilaria Zambon & Luca Salvati, 2018. "Population Matters: Identifying Metropolitan Sub-Centers from Diachronic Density-Distance Curves, 1960–2010," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-16, December.
    23. Johnson, Daniel & Ercolani, Marco & Mackie, Peter, 2017. "Econometric analysis of the link between public transport accessibility and employment," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1-9.
    24. Vincent Boitier, 2014. "Unemployment Dispersion and City Configurations: Beyond the Bid Rent Theory," Working Papers hal-00999559, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Neighborhood effects; residential segregation; endogeneity bias; sensitivity analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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