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Residential segregation and unemployment : the case of Brussels

Author

Listed:
  • Claire Dujardin
  • Harris Selod
  • Isabelle Thomas

Abstract

This paper investigates the causal effects of the spatial organization of Brussels on unemployment propensities. Using 1991 Census data, we estimate the unemployment probability of young adults while taking into account personal, household and neighborhood characteristics. We solve the endogeneity of residential locations by restricting our sample to young adults residing with their parents, and evaluate the potential remaining bias by conducting a sensitivity analysis. Our results suggest that the neighborhood of residence significantly increases a youngster probability of being unemployed, a result which is quite robust to the presence of both observed and unobserved parental covariates.

Suggested Citation

  • Claire Dujardin & Harris Selod & Isabelle Thomas, 2005. "Residential segregation and unemployment : the case of Brussels," Research Unit Working Papers 0511, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0511
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Weinberg, Bruce A., 2004. "Testing the spatial mismatch hypothesis using inter-city variations in industrial composition," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 505-532, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Neighborhood effects; residential segregation; endogeneity bias; sensitivity analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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